*Corresponding author:Luciana de Barros Correia Fontes, Department of Clinic and Preventive Dentistry, Brazil
Received: December 14, 2018 Published: December 20, 2018
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We live the reality of global climate change, with increasing amount of environmental pollutants and worsening lung and respiratory diseases. In this context, children and the elderly represent groups with greater risk and vulnerability of negative impact on quality of life. There is still no an efficient control of this population. Considering, more specifically, the dental care for children patients, there are risk factors that may influence the management and the response of this target population, who present changes in breathing pattern. According to the scientific literature, oral or mouth breathing can be related to functional, structural, occlusal and postural impairments. The oral breathers have increased craniocervical angle, reduction of cervical lordosis, increased head elevation and greater extension of this in relation to the cervical spine. Postural alteration in the cephalic and lower limbs position with disorganization of the muscular chains and in some movements, thoracic deformities, flaccid and distended abdominal musculature, sleep disorders, chronic fatigue, daytime sleepiness and lack of concentration, reduction of muscle strength, nutritional changes and impairment of some sensory systems, with a typical visual, tactile, auditory, olfactory and gustatory processing.
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