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ISSN: 2637-6652

Modern Approaches in Oceanography and Petrochemical Sciences

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-6652)

Natural Gas Pipelines Leakage, Toxicity and its Safety Measures

Volume 1 - Issue 2

Papiya Mandal*, Rashmi Misra and Poonam Kumari

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, India

    *Corresponding author: Papiya Mandal, Delhi Zonal Centre, CSIR-National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Delhi, India

Received: March 09, 2018;   Published: March 14, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/MAOPS.2018.01.000110

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Abstract

A fugitive emission of natural gas during the extraction of oil and gas and its transportation through the pipeline has potential threat to the environment. Natural gas (NG) is the mixture of hydrocarbon gases consisting primarily of methane and other varying hydrocarbons, a small fraction of carbon dioxide, hydrogen, nitrogen, hydrogen sulphide and rare trace gases like helium, neon, xenon etc. The colorless and odorless NG has a wide range of applications as a cleaner fuel. The rapid urbanization, industrialization and economic growth all over the world demand the increasing transportation capacity of NG. Though the transportation pipeline are laid with well-equipped sophisticated technology and leak detection sensors, however still there are risk factor associated for leakage of the gases and explosion. The impacts of man-made disaster are in terms of deaths, injury, losses in economics, property and also having the adverse effect on ecology. The integrity of the NG pipeline system can be achieved by adopting continuous sophisticated up gradation technology. It also requires operation and maintenance of the pipeline at regular interval.

Abbrevations: NG: Natural Gas; CNG: Compressed Natural Gas; PNGRB: Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board

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