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ISSN: 2637-6679

Research and Reviews on Healthcare: Open Access Journal

Mini Review(ISSN: 2637-6679)

Diabetes Mellitus: A Multifactor Approach

Volume 1 - Issue 4

Fabiana Gonçalves Ferreira and Amanda Caroline Cardoso Corrêa Carlos Menezes*

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    • Municipal Public Server Hospital, Brazil

    *Corresponding author: Amanda Caroline Cardoso Corrêa Carlos Menezes, Clinical Nutrition Coordinator of Municipal Public Server Hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Received: March 30, 2018;   Published: April 05, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/RRHOAJ.2018.01.000116

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Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic non-communicable disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia due to an impaired glucose metabolism [1-3]. It can occur by an autoimmune process in which there is destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas, leading to deficiency of insulin secretion characterizing the DM type I, which affects children and adolescents, may be due to a combination of insulin resistance and the inadequate compensatory response to insulin secretion, predominant in the DM type II, affecting adults , when glucose intolerance occurs during the second or third trimester of gestation, it is characterized gestational DM (GDM), and other types of diabetes are reported in the literature, such as those caused by genetic defects of beta cell function, disorders genetics in the action of insulin, exocrine pancreatic diseases, endocrinopathies, drug induced or other age chemical infections, viral infections, unusual immunological forms, and genetic syndromes associated with diabetes [4,5].

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