Introduction: The order and chronology of the temporary dental eruption is an expression of the child’s growth and influences
its subsequent dental development and is subject to influences of intrinsic and extrinsic factors that can cause an advance or delay
in the appearance of one or more teeth or throughout the dentition.
Objective: to determine the influence of maternal and neonatal factors associated with the emergence of the first temporary
Material and Method: A descriptive observational study was designed in 104 children of both sexes between 0 and 36 months
of age, belonging to the Ana Betancourt polyclinic of the Playa Municipality, Havana, Cuba. The study period ranged from September
2019 to March 2020. The variables were studied: age, sex, alterations in pregnancy, and birth weight. The results were presented in
statistical tables with absolute and relative frequencies.
Results: Children with low birth weight had a delay in the eruption of the first temporary tooth in 36.8%, as did the children
of mothers with alterations during pregnancy in 52%. Conclusion: Delay in the eruption of primary teeth was observed in children
with low birth weight and the children of mothers who presented alterations during pregnancy.