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ISSN: 2637-6636

Interventions in Pediatric Dentistry: Open Access Journal

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-6636)

Impact in Oral Cavity due to the Use of Hydrogen Peroxyde in Dental Treatment

Volume 4 - Issue 5

Nanda Rachmad Putra Gofur1, Aisyah Rachmadani Putri Gofur2, Rizki Nur Rachman Putra Gofur3, Mega Kahdina3, Hernalia Martadila Putri3 and Soesilaningtyas4

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Department of Health, Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
    • 2Faculty of Dental Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
    • 3Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
    • 4Deptartment of Dental Nursing, Politeknik Kesehatan, Indonesia

    *Corresponding author: Nanda Rachmad Putra Gofur, Department of Health, Faculty of Vocational Studies, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Received:October 20, 2020;   Published: November 03, 2020

DOI: 10.32474/IPDOAJ.2020.04.000199

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Background: Chemicals agents are commonly found in people activities. It has a big role, especially in the oral cavity. The adverse effects that have been reported in cellular, animal and human studies include: chemical burn, cervical root resorption associated with non-vital bleaching; increased tooth sensitivity associated with vital bleaching; alteration in the surface topography of enamel; reduction in bond strength of resin based materials and the possibility that H2O2 may have carcinogenic or tumor promoting capabilities Chemical agents are often used by people. But the chemical agents can cause the damage in human body such as oral cavity.

Objectives: To know the association between dental treatment and chemical burns in oral cavity. Problem statement: In dental treatment, chemical agents are often used by dentist due to its function. But chemical agents can cause the damage in oral mucosa.

Discussion: One of the chemicals that is often found can cause chemical burn in oral mucosa is hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxides or H2O2 is used to decrease plaque formation and to control pyorrhea (gum inflammation). The mechanism of antimicrobial action is due to the release of nascent oxygen which is detrimental to anaerobes. It acts on both Gram positive and Gram-negative organism. H2O2 solutions usually do not result in severe toxicity but may cause vomiting; mild irritation to mucosa; and burns in the mouth, throat, oesophagus, and stomach. Ingestion of higher concentrations (>10%) can result in more dangerous sequelae, such as burns to mucus membranes and gut mucosa.

Conclusion: The use of chemical agents in dental treatment can cause the chemical burns in oral cavity. So, the patients need to listen more towards the dentist about the instruction after treatment so the materials cannot cause the irritation in oral mucosa.

Keywords:Oral cavity, chemical burn, dental treatment, hydrogen peroxide

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