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ISSN: 2637-6652

Modern Approaches in Oceanography and Petrochemical Sciences

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-6652)

Downs and Ups of Decompression Diving: a Review

Volume 3 - Issue 1

Wienke BR1* and O’ Leary TR2

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1LANL Program Manager, C&C Dive Team Leader, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA
    • 2NAUI Training Director, Manager Technical Diving Operation, South Padre Island, Texas, USA

    *Corresponding author: BR Wienke, LANL Program Manager, C&C Dive Team Leader, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA

Received:November 13, 2019;   Published:December 02, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/MAOPS.2019.03.000154

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The question of deep and shallow decompression stops is interesting and fraught with controversy in diving circles and operations, training, exploration and scientific endeavors. Plus, fraught with some misunderstanding which is understandable as the issues are complex. We accordingly detail a short history of deep and shallow stops, physical aspects, staging differences, diving tests, models, data correlations, data banks, diver statistics and DCS outcomes for diving amplification. Pros and cons of deep stop and shallow stop staging are presented. Misinformation is corrected. Training Agency Standards regarding deep and shallow stops are included. A tabulation of well-known and popular dive computers and software algorithms is given. From diving data, tests, DCS outcomes, data banks and field usage, we conclude that both deep stops and shallow stops are safely employed in recreational and technical diving today. For diver safety this is important.

Keywords: Data banks; models; risk; correlations; tests; validation; profile downloads; statistics

Abstract| Introduction| Issues| Modern Developments and Tools| Summary| Acknowledgements| References|