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ISSN: 2637-6628

Online Journal of Neurology and Brain Disorders

Mini Review(ISSN: 2637-6628)

Van Der Wiel-Friedreich Idiopathic Facial Paralysis: A Case and A Brief Review of the Early Documentation of the Disorder in the Medical Literature Volume 4 - Issue 5

Aamir Jalal Al Mosawi1,2*

  • 1Senior Advisor Doctor, Department of Pediatrics, Baghdad Medical City, Iraq
  • 2Head, Iraq Headquarter of Copernicus Scientists International Panel, Baghdad, Iraq

Received: October 19, 2020;   Published: October 30, 2020

Corresponding author: Aamir Jalal Al Mosawi, Department of Pediatrics, Baghdad Medical City, Iraq

DOI: 10.32474/OJNBD.2020.04.000196

Abstract PDF

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Abstract

Background: van der Wiel-Friedreich idiopathic facial paralysis is a unilateral, partial, or complete lower motor neutron facial nerve paralysis. The weakness can be associated with mild pain, numbness. The aim of this paper is to present a case of van der Wiel-Douglas-Friedreich idiopathic facial paralysis and to describe the early documentation of the disorder in the medical literature.

Patients and Methods: The case of a six-year old boy with van der Wiel-Friedreich idiopathic facial paralysis is describe and the relevant medical literatures were reviewed to delineate accurately the early documentation of the disorder in the medical literature.

Results: The boy had lower motor neuron left facial nerve paralysis without any other neurological abnormality and was otherwise health, and no identified cause could be found (idiopathic). Based on the available evidence based-practice guideline, the boy was not given steroid therapy. Two weeks after the onset of the illness, the boy showed improvement in his condition. Review of the relevant literature showed that the condition was first described by Stalpart van der Wiel in 1686 and by Nicolaus Anton Friedreich in 1798.

Conclusion: Deep literature review showed that the valuable works of Stalpart van der Wiel and Nicolaus Anton Friedreich who provided the earliest published descriptions have been missed for centuries.

Keywords: Van Der Wiel-Friedreich Palsy; Idiopathic Facial Paralysis

Abstract| Introduction| Discussion| Conclusion| Acknowledgement| References|

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