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ISSN: 2690-5779

Journal of Mining and Mechanical Engineering

Review Article(ISSN: 2690-5779)

Anti-Fatigue Design for Powered Roof Supports Volume 1 - Issue 4

Tadeusz Łagoda1*, Monika Polak-Micewicz2

  • 1Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanics and Machine Design, Opole University of Technology, Poland
  • 2Famur Institute, Katowice, Poland

Received: March 18, 2021   Published: March 26, 2021

Corresponding author: Tadeusz Łagoda, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanics and Machine Design, Opole University of Technology, Poland

DOI: 10.32474/JOMME.2021.01.000119

 

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Abstract

A powered roof support is defined a set of support sections arranged next to each other, which creates space for mining and transportation machines and also for staff. The housing protects the newly discovered ceiling by moving a distance equal to the width of the mining body. The powered roof supports (PRS) must keep roof in variable cycle loads in mine and then it can lead to a complex combination of physical occurrences and changes in the construction. Micro-damages arising as a result of cyclical loads gradually develop and accumulate, leading to fatigue cracking. This paper presents an approach for the complexity of powered roof supports design taking into account fatigue life. In the work there can also be found some information on existing notches and how they are taken into account in the calculation. The main purpose of the work was to develop such an anti-fatigue design methodology to make calculations using the elastic model, and then at critical points apply the local elastic-plastic model methods using the Neuber model. Next there were adopted the appropriate fatigue criteria to determine fatigue life wall housing. To obtain the final form of the algorithm in this paper there are different fatigue tests presented, including: tests of wall casings with strain gauges and numerical analyzes using finite element method. Based on the tested main subassemblies of the PRS, the most effective method was defined taking into account the average values of cycle amplitudes, and the next step determined the degree of damage for all load supports. The results from experiments allow determining durability of critical places for the main subassemblies of the PRS and determining the most stressed components. Due to the shortage of systematic procedures and guidelines for the strength calculations of PRS enclosure which would take into account fatigue life, the proposed method meets the expectations of a correct and full recognition of static and fatigue strength analyzes.

Keywords: Life-Time; S-N Curve; Stress Concertation; FEM

Abstract| Introduction| Characteristics of powered roof support tests| Example of fatigue life assessment of roof supports| Conclusion| References|

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