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ISSN: 2637-4579

Open Access Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Biosciences

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-4579)

Form of Nerve Impulse and Its Features of Propagation Along the Nerve Fiber Cells Arising from The Bio-Energy in Living Systems

Volume 2 - Issue 5

Pang Xiao Feng*, Zeng Hong Juan and Josephine jiang

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    • Institute of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, China

    *Corresponding author: Pang Xiao Feng, Institute of Life Science and Technology, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China

Received: July 13, 2018;   Published: July 26, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/OAJBEB.2018.02.000146

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Abstract

We here researched the features of transport of nerve impulse along the nerve fiber using modern theory of molecular biology, in which we first elucidate the properties of structure of the nerve cell and the features of distribution of the charges for the sodium ions and potassium ions in the inner and exterior of the never cell membranes. In practice, their distributions are not uniformity, where the distribution of sodium ions and potassium ions between the inner and exterior of cell-membranes are not same, they are just inverse. Just so, an action electro-potential occurs in the cell-membranes. However, the action electro-potential is only a static impulse, it cannot propagate along the nerve organizations. If the nerve organizations are acted by the bio-energy, which could lead to the periodic variation of these sodium ions and potassium ions in the inner and exterior of the never cell membranes can be varied periodically under the action of bio-energy by the works of sodium pump and potassium pump on the surface of cell membrane, then the nerve impulse can propagate along the nerve fiber cell membranes. Our investigations verify that the bioenergy released from the hydrolyses reaction of adenosine phosphate (ATP) molecules in the cells can play the role. This chemical reaction can release the bio-energy of o.42 eV, which can be transported along the protein molecules to excite the work of se sodium pump and potassium pump. Thus, the propagation of the nerve impulse can be carried out automatically in living systems. This is just the mechanism of propagation of the nerve impulse along the nerve l fiber cel membrane. In this paper we elucidate and research in detain and deeply the mechanism of form of the nerve impulse and its features of propagation.

Keywords: Nerve impulse; Nerve membrane; Nerve system; Bio-energy; Protein molecule; ATP molecule; Energy transport

Abstract| Introduction| The characterizations of structure of nerve cells| The nerve excitation and action electric-potential as well as use of bio-energy in the nerve systems| The transport of the nerve impulsion| References|

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