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ISSN: 2637-4676

Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4676)

Population Fluctuation of Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata Wied (Diptera: Tephritidae) on Different Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) Varieties by Pheromone Traps and Associated Loss Assessment Volume 9 - Issue 5

Murat Aslana M*, Aziz Kasapb

  • Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turke

Received: October 13th , 2021;   Published: October 22nd, 2021

Corresponding author: M Murat Aslan, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey

DOI: 10.32474/CIACR.2021.09.000322

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Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata Wied (Diptera: Tephritidae) is considered as one of the most deleterious fruit pests which may cause high pomegranate, Punica granatum L. yield losses in Turkey. Monitoring population density of herbivore insects is a significant element of integrated pest management strategies. Therefore, C. capitata population fluctuation was monitored via a SEDQ yellow trap + pheromone in a pomegranate orchard consisted of three cultivars, Acco, Hicaz, and Wonderful, in Seyhan, Adana in 2015. In addition, yield losses were calculated for all cultivars. There was a significant role of pomegranate cultivar on C. capitata catches by traps. Wonderful has the highest number of C. capitata following by Hicaz while traps in Acco caught the least number of fly adults. Peel thickness was 3.15, 3.05, and 2.80 mm while cracking level was 10.8%, 13.2%, and 15.1% for Wonderful, Hicaz, and Acco, respectively. In addition, infestation ratios of Wonderful, Hicaz, and Acco were 3.8%, 4.6%, and 5.2%, respectively. There was a significant relationship between fruit peel thickness and fruit cracking level as well as population growth and yield losses. Further efforts should be devoted to cultivar preference of and cultivar resistance against C. capitata for sustainable pest management practices.

Keywords: Cracking; Fruit fly; Generalized linear mixed model; Infestation; Population monitoring

Background| Introduction| Material and Method| Results| Discussion| Acknowledgments| Conflicts of Interest| Reference|