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ISSN: 2643-6760

Surgery & Case Studies: Open Access Journal

Review Article(ISSN: 2643-6760)

Sternal Cleft: Appropriate Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment

Volume 1 - Issue 3

Yasser Ali Kamal*

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    • Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Minia University Hospital, Egypt

    *Corresponding author: Yasser Ali Kamal, Department of Surgery, Minia University Hospital, El-Minia, 61519, Egypt

Received: June 05, 2018;   Published: June 11, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/SCSOAJ.2018.01.000112

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Sternal cleft (SC) is a rare congenital anomaly of the chest wall, isolated or combined with other malformations. We try to provide an appropriate stepwise approach for the diagnosis and treatment of SC. Prenatal ultrasound diagnosis can be obtained after the 18th week of gestation. At birth, diagnosis is based on the findings of clinical examination, chest x-ray, computed tomography and additional investigations for the associated anomalies. Primary approximation of the sternal bars is preferred before the age of 3 months. For older cases and rigid chest wall, the surgical correction can be achieved using prosthetic materials, autologous grafts, or biologic implants. The surgical decision depends on the age of patient, rigidity of the chest wall, and presence of other abnormalities in the chest wall.

Keywords: Chest wall malformations; Sternum; Autologous graft; Biologic matrix

Abbreviations: CPB: Cardiopulmonary Bypass; TEE: Trans-esophageal Echocardiography; Sternal Cleft (SC); MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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