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ISSN: 2643-6760

Surgery & Case Studies: Open Access Journal

Research Article(ISSN: 2643-6760)

Mipo - A Biological Method for Fixation of Complex Fractures of Tibia

Volume 1 - Issue 1

Preeti Singh1, Fardeen Bhimani2 and Rohan Bhimani3*

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Department of Orthopaedics, Osmania General Hospital, Hyderabad, India
    • 2Department of Orthopaedics, Bharati Hospital, Pune, India
    • 3Department of Orthopaedics, Hinduja Healthcare Surgicals, Mumbai, India

    *Corresponding author: Rohan Bhimani, Department of Orthopaedics, Hinduja Healthcare Surgicals, 11th Road, Khar (West), Mumbai-400052, India

Received: April 16, 2018;   Published: April 26, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/SCSOAJ.2018.01.000103

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Introduction: Management of proximal and distal tibial fractures is challenging because of the complexity of injury, limited muscle coverage and poor vacularity. Surgical management of tibial fractures includes multiple options: external fixation, IM nailing, ORIF and minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO). Open reduction and internal fixation with a plate may end in wide dissection and tissue devascularization. Fixation of tibial fractures with MIPO allows protection of soft tissue and blood supply. This is a report of a series of prospectively studied closed proximal and distal tibial fractures treated with MIPO.

Materials and Methods: A total of 20 patients with closed proximal or distal tibial or fractures were enrolled in the study between 2016 and 2017 and completed follow-up. Demographic characteristics, mechanism of injury, time required for union, range of motion and complications were recorded. Eleven patients had proximal tibial fractures and nine had distal tibial fractures. Patients were followed up to 2 and 6 weeks and then at intervals of 4 to 6 weeks until 12 months.

Results: Mean age of the patients was 39.5 years (range 18-65 years). Thirteen cases were the consequence of high-energy trauma and seven were the result of low-energy trauma. The clinical and radiological outcome were excellent in 13 patients, good in 6 patients and fair in 1 patient. The average time for fracture union was 16.4 weeks, ranging from 16 to 20 weeks. None of our patients developed any complications.

Conclusion: MIPO is a reliable method of management for tibial fractures; it provides a high union rate and good functional outcome with minimal soft tissue problems.

Keywords: Tibial fractures; MIPO; Soft tissue; Locking plate; Osteointegration; Functional outcome; Clinical outcome

Abbreviations: MIPO: Minimally Invasive Plate Osteosynthesis; LCP: Locking Compression Plate

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Result| Discussion| References|