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ISSN: 2637-6679

Research and Reviews on Healthcare: Open Access Journal

Short Communication(ISSN: 2637-6679)

Task Acquisition and Motor Learning Require Conscious Efforts by The Patients Volume 3 - Issue 3

Faizan Zaffar Kashoo1* and Mehrunnisha Ahmad2

  • 1 Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Saudi Arabia
  • 2 Department of Nursing, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Saudi Arabia

Received:March 09, 2019;   Published:March 18, 2019

Corresponding author: Faizan Zaffar Kashoo, Department of Physical Therapy and Health Rehabilitation, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.32474/RRHOAJ.2019.03.000161

Abstract PDF


Motor learning and skill acquisition is a complex process of learning through the interaction of various dependent variables. One of the most important variables is the conscious effort of the patients to learn a new skill or to refine a learned skill. Social and communication skills of a therapist play an important role in motivating and engaging cognitionof a patient to learn a new motor skill.

Keywords:Motor Learning; New Skill; Practice; Training

Short Communication

Motor learning is a “collection of internal processes associated with practice leading to relatively permanent changes in the skilled behavior.” In other terms, motor learning is when complex processes occurring in the brain, in response to the practice of a particular skill resulting in the change in neuronal network [1]. Motor learning involves three stages such as, cognitive, associative and autonomous [2]. Except for the autonomous stage, cognitive and autonomous stage requires a conscious effort by the patients [3-5]. The Smart Approach (SA) is a systematic way to approach a patient for better rehabilitation outcome. The SA involves the following stages.

a. Stage 1: Reviewing the medical record of the patient.

b. Stage 2: Review the latest scienti􀏐ic literature for the best current practice.

c. Stage 3: The rehabilitation goals must be formulated in consultation with the patients and care takers.

The SA improves patients trust in therapist, which is essential factor in the success of the treatment. SA by a therapist would result in greater acceptance of activity modi􀏐ication and adherence to the regime, lower anxiety level in relation to any con􀏐lict [6-9]. Patients are more likely to open and disclose information if they trust their therapist. [6] [10,11]. In view of the above, it’s imperative for a therapist to gain the con􀏐idence of the patients through a SA. Regular one to one personal interaction, short counseling sessions and resolving a con􀏐lict causing anxiety must be the priority for a therapist to engage the patients’ physical and mental capacity to the fullest.


  1. Abdelfattah EN, Kashoo F (2016) Prevalence of Obesity and Overweight among Majmaah.
  2. Sheahan HR, Franklin DW, Wolpert DM (2016) Report Motor Planning, Not Execution, Separates Motor Memories. Neuron 92(4): 773-779.
  3. Alqahtani MM, Kashoo FZ, Ahmad F (2019) Current scenario of evidence - based practice and rationale of preferred approach in stroke rehabilitation among physiotherapists in Saudi Arabia: A cross - sectional survey, p. 53-64.
  4. Kashoo F, Baradie R (2015) Motorized multidirectional protuberance device for sitting balance of stroke patients. In: international journal of stroke, NJ USA, p. 89.
  5. Shaphe A, Ahmad I, Kashoo FZ (2013) Effect of Aerobic Exercises on Blood Pressure in Mild and Moderate Hypertensive Middle Aged and Older Patients. Majmaah J Heal Sci 216(1216): 1-14.
  6. Erickson K, Côté J, Hollenstein T, Deakin J (2011) Examining coach e athlete interactions using state space grids : An observational analysis in competitive youth sport. Psychol Sport Exerc 12(6): 645-654.
  7. Kanwar S, Kashoo FZ (2011) Comparing the Immediate Effect of Auditory and Visual Mental Imagery on Reaching and Grasping Task among Sub acute Stroke Patients. Indian J 5(2): 162.
  8. Kashoo FZ, Vijay TR, Haran H (2010) Modi􀏐ied mobilization techniques in adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder joint: A case report. Indian J 4(3): 28-31.
  9. Kashoo FZ, Dhawan L (2010) Agreement between timed up and go test and tinetti assessment scale in institutionalized elderly. Indian J 4(3): 25-27.
  10. (2017) Athletes Perception of Coaches’ Leadership Style and Tendency to Cooperate Among Competitive Teams Liderazgo De Los Entrenadores Y La Tendencia A. 14: 79-92.
  11. Kashoo F, Ahmad M (2018) Challenge is the key to stroke rehabilitation 29(21): 3790-3791.