email   Email Us: phone   Call Us: +1 (914) 407-6109   57 West 57th Street, 3rd floor, New York - NY 10019, USA

Lupine Publishers Group

Lupine Publishers

ISSN: 2637-6679

Research and Reviews on Healthcare: Open Access Journal

Short Communication(ISSN: 2637-6679)

All Ceramic Resin Bonded Fixed Partial Denture (RBFPD): One or Two-Wings? Volume 2 - Issue 1

Imen Kalghoum*, Gassara Y, Nasri S, Belhssan Harzallah, Mounir cherif, and Dalenda Hadyaoui

  • Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, University of Monastir, Tunisia

Received: May 22, 2018;   Published: May 29, 2018

Corresponding author: Imen Kalghoum, Department of Fixed Prosthodontics, Research Laboratory of Occlusodontics and Ceramic Prostheses LR16ES15, Faculty of Dental Medicine, University of Monastir, Monastir, Tunisia

DOI: 10.32474/RRHOAJ.2018.02.000129

Abstract PDF

Also view in:

Short Communication

The technique of bonded bridges was introduced in dentistry by Rochette in 1963. It was the first type of minimally-invasive fixed prosthesis [1,2]. Its principle consists in bonding a metal frame on the teeth adjacent to the edentulous area. These bonded bridges have experienced significant development from their conception to the present [3,4]. Initially, these restorations failed through frequent debond caused by the absence of tooth preparation, very attractive in the early years. In fact, bonding cannot replace the retention or resistance to occlusal forces (loosening and shear) provided by the preparations. Nowadays, it is widely accepted that a minimal preparation of the supporting teeth is essential to ensure the sustainability of the bonded prosthesis. A careful case selection is important to predict esthetic and functional restoration with medium or long-term survival. Abutments should be vital and aligned showing sufficient enamel available for bonding and should coronal length which is favorable for retention [5].

Conventional or Cantilevered ?

The bonded cantilever bridge is an efficient minimally invasive treatment of the anterior missing teeth [6] It is also a suitable alternative to replace conventional bonded bridges [7] with very low biological complications and satisfactory results in the medium and long term [8] This could be explained by the following points:

a) The results of follow-up tests indicated that the bridges bonded to three elements have failure rates lower than wider fixed partial denture.

b) If selecting a conventional resin bonded bridge, both abutments should have the same mobility, otherwise the weakest may detach from the enamel, compromising the entire restoration. Furthermore, using a single cantilever eliminates the differential bond strength due to differing size and mobility of abutments

c) Two-retainers bonded bridges showed practical problems such as finding a common axis of insertion when respecting the principle of minimally invasive preparation.

d) a cantilevered prosthesis has a reduced biological and financial cost, is easier to prepare, and simplifies impression procedure and cementation over a three-unit design. In addition, a single retainer is usually preferred as debonding will be quickly observed [9].

e) The increase of the adhesion surface must be preferably carried out on a single tooth, respectively number reduced tooth adjacent abutments in the edentulous ridge [10].

f) Favorable clinical monitoring results of resin bonded bridges with two or even a single wing. According to Kaplan- Meier sur¬vival estimates showed no significant difference be¬tween the survival rate of the conventional ones (63%) and cantilevered ones (81%) after 4 years [9].

g) However, The study of Kern, showed that cantilever all-ceramic resin-bonded fixed partial dentures made from high-strength oxide ceramics present a promising treatment alternative to two-retainer RBFPDs. On the other hand, the conventional adhesive bridge remain suitable for some situation such as, After orthodontic, because of its double function as a fixed orthodontic retainer [11].


RBFPDs can be used successfully in both the an¬terior and posterior areas to replace 1 or 2 missing teeth. However, the survival rate this minimally-invasive restoration is still considerably less than that of conventional bridges. The principle reason for failure is de¬bonding of the framework from the abutment teeth. The use of cantilevered and nonrigid attachments may de¬crease inter-abutment forces and reduce debonding. A careful case indication, the selection of non-mobile abutment teeth, preparation designs that enhance retention and resist¬ance form, appropriate material selection and bonding technique are critical for success and longevity.


  1. Degrange M (2008) In memoriam Alain Rochette. The journal of adhesive dentistry 10(6): 415-416.
  2. Folch H, Abgrall S, Armand S, J Verge (2000) Bridges collés. Encycl Méd Chir 1-5.
  3. Pospiech P, Rammelsberg P, Goldhofer G, Gernet W (1996) All-ceramic resin-bonded bridges a 3-dimensional finite-element analysis study. Eur J Oral Sei 104: 390-395.
  4. Botelho MG, Leung KC, Ng H, Chan K (2006) A retrospective clinical evaluation of two-unit cantilevered resin bonded fixed partial dentures. J Am Dent Assoc 137(6): 783-788.
  5. Lally U (2012) Resin-bonded fixed partial dentures past and present: an overview. J Ir Dent Assoc 58(6): 294-300.
  6. Durey KA, Nixon PJ, Robinson S (2011) Resin bonded bridges: techniques for success. British dental journal 211: 113-118.
  7. Lam WY, Botelho MG, Mc Grath Cp (2013) Longevity of implant crowns and 2-unit cantilevered resin-bonded bridges. Clin Oral Implants Res 24(12): 1369-1374.
  8. Decock V, De Nayer K, De Boever J, Dent M (1996) 18-Year longitudinal study of cantilevered fixed restorations. International Journal of Prosthodontics 9(4): 331-340.
  9. R Chai J, Chu FC, Newsome PR, Chow TW (2005) Retrospective survival analysis of 3-unit fixed-fixed and 2-unit cantilevered fixed partial dentures. J Oral Rehabil 32(10): 759-765.
  10. Prasanna BG, Reddy KK, Harsha TV, Ramesh GC (2012) Clinical evaluation of conventional cantilever and resin bonded cantilever fixed patial dentures: A comparative study. J Contemp Dent Pract 13(6): 793- 798.
  11. Kern M (2005) Clinical long-term survival of two-retainer and singleretainer all-ceramic resin-bonded fixed partial dentures. Quintessence int 36(2): 141-147.

Online Submission System

Drag and drop files here


Browse Files
( For multiple files submission, zip them in a single file to submit. For file zipping software Download )