India is a developing country which is in a transitional state of under nutrition due to poverty and obesity due to the
industrialization and rapid urbanization. In India, more than 135 million individuals are affected by obesity. Urban population and
states with high socio-economic status were found to be having higher obesity prevalence. According to ICMR-INDIAB study 2015,
prevalence rate of obesity and central obesity vary from 11.8% to 31.3% and 16.9%–36.3% respectively. Obesity is one of the main
medical and financial burdens for the government. This problem of obesity can be preventable by spreading public awareness
about obesity and its health consequences. Governmental agencies should promote the benefits of healthy lifestyle, food habits and
physical activity. Obesity is a risk factor for cancer. This is a root and branch review of obesity and cancer.