The article surveys some significant trends in the textile wound dressing during recent years. An ideal wound Dressing need
to be redefined based on the nature of wound and wound classifications. Since generations, wound have been defined as selfhealing
process, but chronic wounds and other wound requires handling and care from different parameters like moist conditions,
biocompatibility, microbial infection to mention a few. Bioactive dressings based on different materials sodium alginate, chitosan,
hydrocolloid, iodine have been explored. The future of fiber technology for medical applications depends largely on the future needs
of our civilization. The use of new fibers for healthcare textiles application has increased rapidly over the past quarter of a century.
With the recent advances in tissue engineering, drug delivery, and gene delivery‐ alginate, chitin/chitosan and their derivatives
present a novel and useful class of biomaterials. Hence small changes in their molecular structure can bring large changes in
their interactions with components of biological tissues or drugs. These polymers are excellent candidates for applications in the
biomedical field because of their versatility, biocompatibility, bio absorbability and significant absence of cytotoxicity. Modern
wound dressings combine medical textiles with active compounds that stimulate wound healing while protecting against infection.
Electrospun wound dressings have been extensively studied and the electrospinning technique recognized as an efficient approach
for the production of nanoscale fibrous mats.