Background: COVID-19 infection is a newly recognized illness that is spreading rapidly around the world and causes many morbidity and mortality. Previous epidemiological investigations of the relationship between Gender and prevention practice of COVID-19 yielded inconsistent findings. Thus, in this paper, we aim to summarize the evidence whether gender is related to the prevention practice of COVID-19 among adults in Ethiopia through a systematic review and meta-analysis approach.
Methods: Searches were performed on PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for relevant studies that were published from December 2020 utile October 2020 reporting Gender and prevention practice of COVID-19. Data extraction and assessment were guided by PRISMA checklist. Observational studies and studies with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale score of 5 or greater were included in the review. The pooled adjusted Odds ratios (OR)) and 95% confidence intervals were obtained using fixed effect models.
Results: A total of 6 observational studies involving 8173 participants, 4087 of which had prevention practice of COVID-19 were eligible for inclusion in this meta-analysis. The summary OR for prevention practice of COVID-19 comparing male versus female was 0.80 (95%CI 0.73 to 0.87), P < 0.00001, I2= 0%). There was no significant heterogeneity for all studies (𝑄 = 4.44; P = 0.49; 𝐼2 =0%. No publication bias was observed (Egger’s test: 𝑃 = 0.119, Begg’s test: 𝑃 = 0.348).
Limitations: Prevention practice of COVID-19 definition was not identical. Therefore, the studies varied in specific way. Despite the fact that, Egger’s test and Begg’s funnel plots detected no evidence of publication bias in the meta-analysis, but that estimation may not be sufficiently accurate because the number of included studies was relatively small.
Conclusions: The meta-analysis indicates that difference was found in prevention practice of COVID-19 between male and female.
Keywords: Attitude Of COVID-19; COVID-19, Meta-Analysis; Practice Of COVID-19; Systematic Reviews