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ISSN: 2637-6679

Research and Reviews on Healthcare: Open Access Journal

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-6679)

Implication of Gender on Covid-19 Prevention Practice Among Adults in Ethiopia: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis Volume 6 - Issue 1

Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne1*, Abiyu Ayalew Assefa1, Eleni Tesfaye Tegegne2 and Mekibib Kassa Tessema3

  • 1Department of Public Health, Hawassa College of health science, Hawassa, Ethiopia
  • 2School of Nursing College of Medicine and Health Science, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 3Leishmania Research and Treatment Center, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia

Received: November 04, 2020;   Published: December 18, 2020

Corresponding author: Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne, Department of Public Health, Hawassa College of health science, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

DOI: 10.32474/RRHOAJ.2020.06.000228

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Background: COVID-19 infection is a newly recognized illness that is spreading rapidly around the world and causes many morbidity and mortality. Previous epidemiological investigations of the relationship between Gender and prevention practice of COVID-19 yielded inconsistent findings. Thus, in this paper, we aim to summarize the evidence whether gender is related to the prevention practice of COVID-19 among adults in Ethiopia through a systematic review and meta-analysis approach.

Methods: Searches were performed on PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science for relevant studies that were published from December 2020 utile October 2020 reporting Gender and prevention practice of COVID-19. Data extraction and assessment were guided by PRISMA checklist. Observational studies and studies with Newcastle-Ottawa Scale score of 5 or greater were included in the review. The pooled adjusted Odds ratios (OR)) and 95% confidence intervals were obtained using fixed effect models.

Results: A total of 6 observational studies involving 8173 participants, 4087 of which had prevention practice of COVID-19 were eligible for inclusion in this meta-analysis. The summary OR for prevention practice of COVID-19 comparing male versus female was 0.80 (95%CI 0.73 to 0.87), P < 0.00001, I2= 0%). There was no significant heterogeneity for all studies (𝑄 = 4.44; P = 0.49; 𝐼2 =0%. No publication bias was observed (Egger’s test: 𝑃 = 0.119, Begg’s test: 𝑃 = 0.348).

Limitations: Prevention practice of COVID-19 definition was not identical. Therefore, the studies varied in specific way. Despite the fact that, Egger’s test and Begg’s funnel plots detected no evidence of publication bias in the meta-analysis, but that estimation may not be sufficiently accurate because the number of included studies was relatively small.

Conclusions: The meta-analysis indicates that difference was found in prevention practice of COVID-19 between male and female.

Keywords: Attitude Of COVID-19; COVID-19, Meta-Analysis; Practice Of COVID-19; Systematic Reviews

Abstract| Background| Methods| Analysis of Data| Results| Discussion| Conclusions| References|