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ISSN: 2637-6679

Research and Reviews on Healthcare: Open Access Journal

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-6679)

Heterogeneity Of Dengue Virus Serotypes Among Dengue Patients of Rawalpindi & Islamabad During Dengue Epidemic 2016 Volume 6 - Issue 4

Haroon Rahim1, Rizwana Shahid2*, Shazia Zeb3

  • 1Medical Officer, Tehsil Head Quarter Hospital, Gujar Khan
  • 2Assistant Professor Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi
  • 3Medical Superintendent, Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi

Received:July 01, 2021   Published: July 14, 2021

Corresponding author:Rizwana Shahid, Assistant Professor Community Medicine, Rawalpindi Medical University, Rawalpindi

DOI: 10.32474/RRHOAJ.2021.06.000242

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Objectives: To determine the frequency of various dengue virus serotypes circulating among dengue patients residing in Rawalpindi and Islamabad during dengue epidemic 2016.

Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among dengue patients admitted in Holy Family Hospital that was basically the teaching hospital affiliated with Rawalpindi Medical University. The data was collected during dengue epidemic from July - September 2016 pertinent to demographics, various bleeding manifestations, dengue virus infections and hospital stay through consecutive sampling. Independent sample t-test was applied to determine the gender and residence wise duration of fever. However, difference in mean age of dengue patients with varied clinical manifestations was ascertained by ANOVA. The data was analyzed by means of SPSS version 25.0 and Microsoft Excel 2010.

Results: Out of 1286 dengue patients enrolled in research, most (69.6%) were males. Mean age of study subjects was 35.7± 1.57 years and 70% were residents of Islamabad. About 65.9% had Dengue Fever (DF) while 31.5% and 2.6% were diagnosed with Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) respectively. Mean duration of fever among our patients was 2.1 ± 0.73 days. However, residence wise and gender wise difference in mean duration of fever was found to be statistically significant with P<0.02 and P<0.01 respectively. DEN-2 and DEN-3 maximally prevailed. However, IgM and IgG were positive among 52.3% and 48.3% dengue patients respectively.

Conclusion: Dengue virus is affecting the population of Pakistan continuously. All four types of dengue virus prevailed in our population including mixed serotypes. DEN-2 and DEN-3 were determined to be the dominant circulating serotypes with higher propensity among males.

KeywordsEpidemic; Dengue Fever; Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever; Dengue Shock Syndrome; Dengue Virus Serotypes.

Abstract| Introduction| Subjects & Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion & Recommendations| Reference|

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