Objective: To examine effects of early amino acid (AA) infusion on serum glucose and calcium levels of very low birth weight
(VLBW) preterm newborns, through the first 72 hours of life.
Study Design: hospital designed prospective study of total 110 VLBW newborns with < 32 weeks gestation, and less than 1500
g was performed. 55 newborns received AA within 6 hours of life (early group) while 55 newborns did not receive AA during the
first 72 hours of life (late group).
Results: Average glucose levels were significantly lower in the early group during the first 72 hours of life. Average serum Ca
levels during first 72 hours of life were significantly higher in newborns with early group.
Conclusions: Early amino acid infusion improve serum glucose and Ca levels in VLBW newborns, and thus decreasing the risk
of hyperglycemia and hypocalcemia among VLBW infants.