Received: September 23, 2020; Published:October 07, 2020
Corresponding author: Radek Kleibl, Faculty of Physical Education, Palacky University Olomouc, Czech Republic, Czechia
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Traditional karate is a martial art that is based on the principle of self-defense. This philosophy is also reflected in its sports side. However, there are certain rules that restrict athletes. These restrictions are mainly for the protection of human health. The main limitation is that the matches are without contact. It is also forbidden to strike in the direction of the most vulnerable parts of the human body, such as the eyes, ears, back of the head, neck, joints on the limbs and genitals. Great emphasis is placed on cognitive-perceptual skills, where the competitor must perform a visually effective striking technique at a time when the opponent is not able to defend himself or would have destructive effects in a real strike. Each match is for one point only and the normal time of one match is 1.5 minutes. Matches are physically demanding, so in addition to cognitive-perceptual skills, the athlete must also be physically fit. Physical fitness allows him to maintain attention and the ability to make the right decisions throughout the match. The work describes what the possibilities of reacting to a stimulus are and what effect physical condition has on the right decision.
Keywords: Cognitive-Perceptual Skills; Traditional Karate; Timing of Motor Response; Physical Condition
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