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ISSN: 2644-1209

Trends in Ophthalmology: Open Access Journal

Review Article(ISSN: 2644-1209)

Pupil Functions in Diabetes Mellitus

Volume 1 - Issue 5

Ahmet OZER1* and Ayse Idil CAKMAK2

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Department of Opthalomolgy, Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Turkey
    • 2Department of Opthalomolgy, Hatay Mustafa Kemal University Tayfur Ata Sokmen, Turkey

    *Corresponding author: Ahmet Ozer, Department of Ophthalmology, Eskisehir Osmangazi University Medical Faculty, Eskisehir, Turkey

Received: September 08, 2018;   Published: September 18, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/TOOAJ.2018.01.000122

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Abstract

Pupil is innervated by autonomic nerve system. As a result, its dimension or actions well reflects the autonomic nervous system function. Pupillary autonomic neuropathy is considered an early symptom of the development of systemic autonomic neuropathy. Pupil tests present suitable and easy methods for evaluation of autonomic nervous system function. Most patients with autonomic nervous system disorders show data of sympathetic or parasympathetic deficits in the pupil, and these findings can be detected using a combination of clinical signs, pupillometric and pharmacological tests.

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