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ISSN: 2637-6628

Online Journal of Neurology and Brain Disorders

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-6628)

The Relationship of the Trigemino-Cardiac Reflex to Sleep Bruxism

Volume 1 - Issue 2

Ken Luco*

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    • Department of Dental Surgery, University of Alberta, Canada

    *Corresponding author: Ken Luco, Department of dental surgery, University of Alberta, Canada

Received: March 23, 2018;   Published: April 06, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/OJNBD.2018.01.000106

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Abstract

The trigemino-cardiac reflex is well researched in medicine. A newly proposed classification based upon the region stimulated elucidates sleep bruxism’s paradoxical effect on the trigemino-cardiac reflex, characterized by tachycardia, hyperpnea and hypertension. This article discusses this complex relationship and the resulting signs and symptoms reported in sleep bruxism, and how it meets these new criterion.

Keywords: Trigemino-cardiac reflex; Trigeminal cardiac reflex; Masseter inhibitory reflex; Sleep bruxism

Abbrevations: TCR: Trigemino Cardiac Reflex; MIR: Masseter Inhibitory Reflex; SB: Sleep Bruxism; GG: Gasserion (trigeminal) Ganglion; GERD: Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disorder; OSA: Obstructive Sleep Apnea; RF: Reticular Formation; TMD: Temporomandibular Dysfunction; HR: Heart Rate (pulse); MABP Maximum Arterial Blood Pressure; 5-HT: Serotonin

Abstract| Introduction| Literary Research| Discussion| Conclusion| References|

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