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ISSN: 2637-6628

Online Journal of Neurology and Brain Disorders

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-6628)

The Prevalence of Suicidal Ideation among People Living With HIV and Aids Attending Art Clinic at Adult Centre of Excellence University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka

Volume 1 - Issue 2

Monica M Mwenya1*, Lottie Hachaambwa2, Ravi Paul3 and Joyce Ncheka4

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    • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Zambia, Zambia
    • 2University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka and University of Maryland School of Medicine, Zambia
    • 3Department of Psychiatry, University of Zambia, Zambia
    • 4Department of Psychiatry, University of Zambia, Zambia

    *Corresponding author: Monica Mpundu Mwenya, University of Zambia, School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Lusaka, Zambia

Received: April 10, 2018;   Published: May 04, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/OJNBD.2018.01.000108

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Background: Suicidal ideation has long been associated with HIV infected populations worldwide. It has been found that HIV does not only attack the immune system of an individual but also the nervous system leading to psychological dysfunction of an individual. Objective: To establish the prevalence of suicidal ideation among people living with HIV and AIDS. Method: A cross sectional quantitative design was adopted. Systematic random sampling method was used to select the sample. The total sample comprised of 280 participants. A social demographic questionnaire and Suicidal Risk Screening Scale (SRSS) were used to collect data. Results: The study findings from the SRSS test revealed that (n=193, 69%) of the participants had lower suicide risk while (n=87, 31%) fell into the higher suicide risk category. The study therefore showed that the prevalence of suicidal ideation was 31%. Conclusion: Suicidal ideation was prevalent among people living with HIV and Aids.

Keywords: Suicidal ideation; Human immunodeficiency virus; Psychological dysfunction.

Abstract| Introduction| Literature Review| Methodology| Discussion of Findings| Conclusion| References|