A Pilot Study on the Proportion Binge Drinking Among
Female Social Drinkers of Kalingalinga in Lusaka, Zambia
Volume 2 - Issue 2
Danny Vumbi Likashi1, Ravi Paul1* and Luty Jason2
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- 1Department of Psychiatry, Zambia
- 2Locum Consultant, Liaison Psychiatry, Leicester
Ravi Paul, Department of Psychiatry, Zambia
Received: January 24, 2019 ; Published: January 29, 2019
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Objectives: Alcohol is a psychoactive substance with dependence-producing properties and whose harmful use causes a large
burden disease, social and economic burden in societies. Binge drinking is one of the commonest forms of alcohol misuse and
has been on an increase among many young women who find alcohol a source of pleasure and enjoyment when they have time
out with friends and peers. Since binge drinking involves consumption of alcohol on an irregular basis, it may not be viewed as a
hazardous form of alcohol use by many drinkers. The present study aimed at estimating the proportion of female binge drinkers
in a population of female social drinkers in Kalingalinga township of Lusaka, the capital city of Zambia. We hypothesized that the
proportion of binge drinking in a population of female social drinkers is significantly high.
Methods: Through snowball sampling, 100 questionnaires (i.e. Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-AUDIT) were
successfully distributed to and collected from female social drinkers aged 20-39 between August and September 2016. A two-fold
process was followed in identifying binge drinkers; screening for hazardous alcohol drinkers by identifying those that scored 8
points or above in the first place, and thereafter identifying binge drinking characteristics from the hazardous drinkers by following
scores from the first three questions on the AUDIT.
Results: The results reviewed that 54 of the 100 participants had some form of hazardous alcohol use and 30 of the 54 hazardous
drinkers possessed some binge drinking characteristics. The proportion of female binge drinkers in a population of female alcohol
drinkers was estimated to be 0.556 (56.6%) while in the general population it was estimated to be 0.094 which implies that 9.4% of
women aged 20-39 of Kalingalinga in Lusaka, engage in alcohol binge drinking consuming on average 7-9 drinks on occasion almost
on a weekly basis. Further, if 56% of all female alcohol drinkers aged 20-39 seem to engage in some form of alcohol binge drinking,
it means that that binge drinking is the highest form of alcohol misuse among these female drinkers.
Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest that there is more alcohol binge drinking among female social drinkers
of Kalingalinga in Lusaka, with an estimated proportion of 0.556 (55.6%) among female alcohol drinkers and 0.094(9.4%) in the
general population of females aged between 20-39. The implication is that alcohol binge drinking seems to be the highest form of
alcohol misuse among female drinkers in Kalingalinga.
Keywords: Alcohol abuse; AUDIT Questionnaires; Binge drinking (BD); Heavy Episodic drinking (HED); social drinkers