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ISSN: 2641-1725

LOJ Medical Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-1725)

Extraction and Determination of Anti-Oxidant Activity of Polyphenols from Carrot Pomace, and Their Use in Date Oat Bar

Volume 2 - Issue 3

Hammad Naeem1* , Umar Niaz2 and Sarmad Sattar1

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    • 1National Institute of Food Science and Technology, Pakistan
    • 2Department of Entomology, Pakistan

    *Corresponding author: Hammad Naeem, National Institute of Food Science and Technology, Pakistan

Received: November 27, 2018;   Published: December 03, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/LOJMS.2018.02.000138

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Abstract

Carrot pomace has polyphenols in large amounts. Polyphenols play an important role in the prevention of degenerative diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Carrot pomace goes to waste with all these useful compounds. Carrot pomace or its extract can be utilized in food products to combat food shortage. Extraction of molecules from biological materials by conventional techniques, such as simple maceration, is time consuming. Sonication breaks the cell membranes. It reduces considerably the extraction time and increasing the extract yield. These phenolics were extracted using conventional Maceration techniques & advance Sonication technique. The extracts were used in Functional date-oat bars. Bars were then tested for determination of total phenolics present in them. Total Polyphenol content of functional date bar having 1% extract were 3.160 mg GAE/g of extract. Antioxidant activity in terms of % inhibition of functional date bar having 1% extract is 26.70%. It is evident from the results that the extracts of carrot pomace contain significant number of polyphenols and anti-oxidant activity. The potential of reducing waste to combat the food security issues are high, as it is estimated that by 50% reduction in current food waste, the world would be saving 1314 trillion kcal per year. This represent a reduction of about 22% of the number of additional calories needed to feed the projected population by 2050.

Abstract| Introduction| Objectives| Materials and Methods| Determination of Moisture Content in Carrot Pomace Powder| Determination of Ash in Carrot Pomace Powder| Determination of Crude Fiber Content in Carrot Pomace Powder| Determination of Fat Content in Carrot Pomace Powder| Extraction of Polyphenols| Determination of Total Polyphenol Content| Determination of Antioxidant Activity of Carrot Pomace Powder| References|

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