In Mexico, it is recommended for the female population in active sexual age to perform the Papanicolau (PAP) smear each year
Minister of Health  as an strategy for the timely detection of cervical cancer (CC), however, there are multiple reasons that can
explain the low adherence to control via PAP smear, some of them, a deficient education, cultural and religious influences, wrong
information, access and quality to health services Gajardo and Urrutia .
Objective: Identify the barriers for the collection of the PAP smear in a group of women in fertile age.
Material and Methods: The design was descriptive, transversal Polit and Hungler  in a population of women in fertile age in
the city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico; the sampling was by convenience, with a final sample of 150 women, using the CPC-28
Urrutia  instrument.
Results: The profile of the women match an average age of 35 years, married, in a stable sexual relationship, with a middle
school academic level. Indexes are reported with averages oscillating between 2.48 (SD=1.41) and 2.55 (SD=1.40) where it is
mentioned that PAP is not performed due to fear of comments about having cancer, due to shame to being examined in the genitals
and due to a lack of time to perform the PAP.
Conclusions: Although the continuous promotion for the timely detection of cancer, we can observe that the same barriers for
the collection of PAP remains in multiple studies in Latin America, where the lack of information, beliefs and modesty as the prevails
as the main factors of women behavior against prevention.
Keywords: Papanicolau (PAP); Cervical Cancer (CC); Human Papiloma Virus (HPV); Barriers
Abbreviations: PAP: Papanicolau CC: Cervical Cancer; HPV: Human Papilloma Virus