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ISSN: 2641-1725

LOJ Medical Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-1725)

Barriers to the Pap Smear in Women of Fertile Age

Volume 2 - Issue 1

Gloria Maricela Guerra Rodríguez1*, Octavio Augusto Olivares Ornelas2, Héctor Manuel Gil Vázquez1, Erika Berenice Rodríguez Martínez3 and Manuel Alejandro Sanchez Bernal4

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Professor, Academic Unit Multidisciplinary Matamoros, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • 2Professor, Obstetrician and Midwife Surgeon, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • 3Bachelor in Nursing, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Mexico
    • 4Graduate, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Mexico

    *Corresponding author: Gloria Maricela Guerra Rodríguez, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas. Academic Unit Multidisciplinary Matamoros UAT, México

Received: October 03, 2018;   Published: October 11, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/LOJMS.2018.02.000129

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In Mexico, it is recommended for the female population in active sexual age to perform the Papanicolau (PAP) smear each year Minister of Health [1] as an strategy for the timely detection of cervical cancer (CC), however, there are multiple reasons that can explain the low adherence to control via PAP smear, some of them, a deficient education, cultural and religious influences, wrong information, access and quality to health services Gajardo and Urrutia [2].

Objective: Identify the barriers for the collection of the PAP smear in a group of women in fertile age.

Material and Methods: The design was descriptive, transversal Polit and Hungler [3] in a population of women in fertile age in the city of Matamoros, Tamaulipas, Mexico; the sampling was by convenience, with a final sample of 150 women, using the CPC-28 Urrutia [4] instrument.

Results: The profile of the women match an average age of 35 years, married, in a stable sexual relationship, with a middle school academic level. Indexes are reported with averages oscillating between 2.48 (SD=1.41) and 2.55 (SD=1.40) where it is mentioned that PAP is not performed due to fear of comments about having cancer, due to shame to being examined in the genitals and due to a lack of time to perform the PAP.

Conclusions: Although the continuous promotion for the timely detection of cancer, we can observe that the same barriers for the collection of PAP remains in multiple studies in Latin America, where the lack of information, beliefs and modesty as the prevails as the main factors of women behavior against prevention.

Keywords: Papanicolau (PAP); Cervical Cancer (CC); Human Papiloma Virus (HPV); Barriers

Abbreviations: PAP: Papanicolau CC: Cervical Cancer; HPV: Human Papilloma Virus

Abstract| Introduction| Material and Methods| Results and Discussion| Conclusion| References|