India’s diverse topology and habitat flourishes near about 45,000 species of plants. Certain species among these plants are medicinal
plant species which are endemic to India. These plants are valuable for their medicinal or aromatic properties. Due to India’s biodiversity
abundance, plants from the wild are wildly exploited resulting in over exploitation of medicinal plants. The present review is carried
out to ascertain the rules and their regulations in various states of India which are presently saving the national heritage and helping
officials to apprehend herb smugglers. The review also presents the data suggesting the present scenario of advancements in the field
of wild life forensic genetics to deal with such cases and technical advancements in the field of plant/part identification during the
confiscations in various states.
Keywords: DNA bar-coding; Laws protecting plants; Indian Forest ACT; Wild Life Protection Act; CITES Appendix