Studies have been conducted in the arid zone of Azerbaijan (Gobustan), where wind erosion is characteristic, which, together
with environmental pollution, contributes to the expansion of greenhouse gases and leads to the degradation of pastures.
Characterized by the process of sowing perennial legume grasses, improving the nutritional regime of the soil, activating nitrification,
microbiological processes and preventing soil erosion. The “greenhouse effect” is a natural phenomenon in which certain gases in
the lower atmosphere prevent some of the heat energy radiated from the Earth from escaping. The human-caused emissions of
greenhouse gases (CO2, methane, nitrous oxide, and some industrial gases) have over the last few centuries added to this effect,
making global temperatures warmer than they would otherwise be and affecting global weather patterns. The hole in the ozone
layer is a separate phenomenon, but there are a few linkages with the greenhouse effect. For example, some gases which deplete
ozone in the upper atmosphere (CFCs) also act as greenhouse gases in the lower atmosphere, and the trapping of heat in the lower
atmosphere by the greenhouse effect leads to a cooler upper atmosphere and a slower recovery time for the ozone layer.
Keywords:Desertification; Wind Erosion; Pastures; Arid Climate; Global Warming; Perennial Grasses; Mineral Fertilizers