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ISSN: 2637-4692

Modern Approaches in Dentistry and Oral Health Care

Mini Review(ISSN: 2637-4692)

An Insight into Oral Leukoplakia

Volume 1 - Issue 5

Sham Kishor Kanneppady1*, Sowmya Sham Kanneppady2, Anusha Rangare Lakshman3, Shishir Ram Shetty4 and Prasanna Kumar Rao5

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    • 1Division of Oral Diagnostics and Surgical Sciences, International Medical University, Malaysia
    • 2Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Lincoln University College, Malaysia
    • 3Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Century International Institute of Dental Sciences and Research Centre, India
    • 4Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Gulf Medical University, UAE
    • 5Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A.J. Institute of Dental Sciences, India

    *Corresponding author: Sham Kishor Kanneppady, Senior Lecturer, Division of Oral Diagnostics and Surgical Sciences, School of Dentistry, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received: March 19, 2018;   Published: March 29, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/MADOHC.2018.01.000124

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Abstract

Oral leukoplakia (OL) clinically appears as either white or red and white non-scrapable lesion is the most common potentially malignant disorder of the oral mucosa. Diagnosis of OL can be ruled out if an etiologic factor for the whitish plaque can be established, except in the case of smoking. Infections by Candida, human papillomavirus (HPV) and more recently Epstein Barr virus (EBV) have been identified as cofactors that may affect the prognosis of established OL. It is often found among men, and its prevalence increases with age advancement. It has been estimated that it mainly affects men over 40 years. The management of this common condition includes local, topical, and systemic therapies such as anti-oxidants, carotenoids, and antifungal therapies.

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