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ISSN: 2644-1217

Open Access Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Research Article(ISSN: 2644-1217)

The Prevention and Treatment of Malaria in Traditional Medicine of Tetun Ethnic People in West Timor Indonesia

Volume 1 - Issue 5

Maximus M Taek1*, Bambang Prajogo EW2 and Mangestuti Agil2

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    • 1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Widya Mandira Catholic University, Kupang, Indonesia
    • 2Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia

    *Corresponding author: Maximus M Taek, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Widya Mandira Catholic University, Kupang, Indonesia

Received:July 23, 2019;   Published:July 31, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/OAJCAM.2018.01.000121

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Abstract

Native people in West Timor Indonesia have been exposed to malaria since long time ago. Because of this experience, it is believed that this community has developed their local concept about malaria, and how to manage it. This research was intended to document and analyze local knowledge and practices of malaria prevention and treatment developed by Tetun ethnic people in West Timor. The research was a field study, conducted through some interviews, discussions and observations. The results of this study showed that this community has long been developing various methods to prevent and threat malaria. The prevention and treatment of malaria in traditional medicine of Tetun ethnic people consists of both herbal and non-herbal methods and supported by some prohibitions and restrictions. The results also showed that the practice of traditional medicine for prevention and treatment of malaria by Tetun ethnic people can be explained scientifically. Medicinal plants that widely used like Strychnos ligustrina, Carica papaya, Momordica sp., Cleome rutidosperma, Physalis angulata, Alstonia spectabilis, Alstonia scholaris and Melia azedarach have been proven to have antimalarial activities as anti-plasmodial, antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and immunostimulant.

Keywords: Local Knowledge; Traditional Medicine; Malaria Prevention and Treatment; Tetun Ethnic; West Timor

Abstract| Introduction| Methods| Results and Discussion| Conclusion| Acknowledgement| References

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