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ISSN: 2644-1217

Open Access Journal of Complementary & Alternative Medicine

Research ArticleOpen Access

unctional Attitudes and Automatic Thoughts among University Students of Pakistan Volume 2 - Issue 5

Akhtar Bibi1*, Muhammad Adnan Khalid2, Amber Mehmood3 and Nadia Shafique4

  • 1Department of Psychology, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center Ruhr, University Bochum Germany
  • 2Institute for Sport Sciences and Psychology, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universitat, Germany
  • 3National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad
  • 4Assistant Professor, Foundation University, Islamabad

Received: October 17, 2020;   Published:October 23, 2020

*Corresponding author: Akhtar Bibi, Department of Psychology, Mental Health Research and Treatment Center, Ruhr University Bochum, Germany

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Existent literature has evident that dysfunctional attitudes and automatic thoughts are associated with mental health difficulties. The present study attempts to investigate the relationship between dysfunctional attitudes and automatic thoughts and examining gender differences across both variables. A sample of 27 male and 53 females were collected from different universities of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan. Dysfunctional attitudes of students were measured by the short form of Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS) while automatic thoughts were measured by Automatic thoughts Questionnaire-negative (ATQ). Results indicate that dysfunctional attitudes are not associated with automatic thoughts (p > 0.001), except confusion escape (r = .348, p < 0.001). We found that male university students experience more dysfunctional attitudes and confusion escape subscale of automatic thoughts as compared to female students (p < 0.001). However, there were no gender differences in negative self-concept, personal maladjustment, loneliness, and giving up subscales of automatic thoughts. Result suggests that students should be trained to control these thought negative patterns and resultant psychopathologies.

Keywords: Dysfunctional Attitudes, Automatic Thoughts, University students, Pakistan.

Abstract| Introduction| Methodology| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| Declarations| Funding| Availability of Data and Materials| Authors’ Contributions| Ethics Approval and Consent to Participate| Consent for Publication| Competing Interests| References|