Thickly populated Kerala was the first Indian state to get affected by COVID-19 on 2nd Feb 2020. The number of cases
Thickly Microbial resistance to most of the currently used antimicrobial agents is on the increase. This was studied in Sokoto
by culture, isolation, identification and susceptibility testing of microorganisms from cloacal swabs in live birds. This was carried
out in Veterinary Microbiology and Veterinary Pharmacology laboratories, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto. The study was
performed on 100 cloacal swab samples. The samples were collected from live birds and transferred aseptically to the laboratory.
All the experimental work was done under sterile conditions. From the 100 cloacal swab samples, 97 isolates were gram negative
and 3 were gram positive bacteria. Among all the isolates, 23 (23%) E. coli, 20 (20%) Salmonella spp., 22 (22%) Enterobacter spp., 16
(16%) Proteus spp., 4 (4%) Pseudomonas spp., 3 (3%) Shigella spp.,Staphylococci spp., 3 (3%). In gram staining, both gram positive
and grams negative bacteria were found. Isolation and identification were by observing colony morphology, grams staining and
standard cultural and biochemical test. Diversified bacterial species were prevalent in cloacal swabs of broiler. However, E. coli and
Salmonella spp., are of public health importance (zoonosis), so birds harboring these organisms become threat to human. It could
be concluded that birds from live birds’ market in Sokoto harbor multi resistant organisms that may pass through the feces to the
environment and cause potential human health hazards and can cause illness.