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Current Trends on Biotechnology & Microbiology

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-6875)

Growth and Herbage Yield of Gamba (Andropogon Gayanus, Kunth) and Kyasuwa (Pennisetum Pedicellatum, Tan) Grasses in Sokoto Semi-Arid Zone of Nigeria

Volume 2 - Issue 1

Y Na Allah1*, BS Malami1, SA Maigandi1, HG Ahmed2 and A Bello3

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Nigeria
    • 2Department of Crop Science, Nigeria
    • 3Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Y Na Allah, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, P. M. B. 2346, Sokoto, Nigeria

Received: March 17, 2020;   Published: July 06, 2020

DOI: 10.32474/CTBM.2020.02.000127

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Abstract

This paper reports on the growth and herbage yield of Andropogon gayanusand Pennisetum pedicellatumin the Sokoto Semi-arid zone of Nigeria, with a view to identifying most productive among the species for forage feed production in the study area. Field experiment was conducted during the 2010 rainy season at the Dabagi teaching and research farm of Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria. Parameters evaluated include plant height, number of leaves, leaf length, leaf width, number of tillers per plant and herbage dry matter yield at 10 WAS. The data generated was analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System in a Randomized Complete Block Design. Fisher’s Least Significance Difference (LSDt<0.05) test was used for mean separation. Results showed that, P. pedicellatumproduced significantly (P<0.05) taller plants (110.01cm versus 77.25cm), higher (P<0.05) number of leaves per plant (6.39 versus 4.00) and higher (P<0.05) herbage dry matter yield (3.518 t DM ha-1 versus 2.037 t DM ha-1) compared to the A. gayanus. A. gayanusrecorded longer (P<0.05) leaves (46.83cm versus 27.90cm) and higher (P<0.05) number of tillers per plant (70.61 versus 28.67). Leaf width for the two grass species were statistically (P>0.05) similar (1.75cm versus 1.42cm) at 10 WAS. Merit analysis showed that P. pedicellatumrecorded a higher score of 9 points and was ranked 1st while A. gayanusscored 8 points and was ranked 2nd. It may be concluded that both the P. pedicellatumand A. gayanusshowed potentials for high productivity, thus; both species are recommended for production in the study area.

Keywords: Andropogon Gayanus;Kunth;Pennisetum Pedicellatum; Growth Parameters; Herbage Yield;Semi-Arid Zone

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Methodology| Data Collection and Analysis| Results and Discussion| Merit Analysis| Conclusions and Recommendations| References|

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