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ISSN: 2637-4579

Open Access Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Biosciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4579)

Ericaceae Family Medicinal & Other Uses of their Genera List and their Species Volume 4 - Issue 2

S Lavanya*

  • B pharmacy, Andhra University, vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

Received: December 7, 2021;   Published:December 21, 2021

*Corresponding author: S Lavanya, B pharmacy, Andhra University, vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India

DOI: 10.32474/OAJBEB.2021.04.000182

Abstract PDF


This Ericaceae family plants are Heath or heather family. This family contains the 4250 known species spread across 124 genera .In this article contain the characteristics of the plant , medicinal uses and other uses of the Ericaceae family &their genera list and species ,these plant use brain disorders, nervine disorders, urinary disorders, heart disease, and also plant are used for garden and wood are also used and some plants are used in cookies.

Keywords:Grayanotoxins; Nectar; Depolarization; Vagal; Dysrhythmias; Stipules; Calyx; Sapless Petals; Corolla; Spikes; Solitary


The Ericaceae are family of flowering plant, commonly known as the Heath or heathery family ,found most commonly in acid and infertile growing condition. The family is large, with 4250 known species spread across 124 genera, making it the 14th most species rich family of flowering plants [1].


Kingdom: Plantae

Sub kingdom: Tarcheobionta

Super division: Spermatophyta

Division: Magnoliophyta

Class: Magnoliopsida

Subclass: Dileniidae

Order: Ericales

Family: Ericaceae [2,41]

Characteristics of the Plant Family

Leaves, Stem, Roots: Many members of this family are evergreen shrubs or climbers, with woody stems. The leaves are simple without stipules, usually alternative ,and are often thick, leathery and shiny. Species growing in dry conditions often have think needle-like leaves.

Flower: There is a calyx four or five sepals joined based. The flower has four petals, usually joined to form a tube or trumpet. There are usually twice as many stamens as petals ,and they are not attached to the corolla. There is a single style . The flowers are usually in clusters or spikes, but may be solitary.

Seeds: The ovary is usually superior but may be inferior. The fruits is usually a capsules or berry.

Members of this Family usually have

Woody stems: Simple evergreen leaves growing alternately clusters of flowers Stamens not attached to the flower tube and are found in acidic condition.

Etiology and Pathophysiology

Members of the Ericaceae contain numerous diterpenoids called grayanotoxins. Toxins are all parts, including Grayanotoxins attach to sodium channels, preventing their inactivation and prolonging depolarization and excitation of cells. The compromised sodium channels allow calcium influx into the cells that has a positive isotropic effects similar to digitalis at low doses .Vagal over stimulation cases hypotension and bradycardia. Impaired cardiac conductivity leads to dysrhythmias and heart block Table 1.

Table 1.



“ERICACEAE “ family plants used for Bladder stone’s spasms, fluid retention, seizures anxiety, cancer, fever, cardiac, tonic, antiseptic, antibiotic, anti-bacterial, sedative, stimulant, myoma, fibromyoma antiseptic Sterility, bleeding, infantile small, cervical erosion, toxicities, anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, dysentery, diarrhea, reduce the activity of NF-kB, poisonous, loss of appetite, treat menstrual disorders, vomiting, burning pains, paralysis, decoction of the is drunk for the nerves. Berries after Eating Hallucination, Tuberculosis, spitting up blood , drunkenness, paralysis & death, poisonous flower ,jam and also used as ornamental ,wood is used locally for handles, flower yield honey. The bark use to make cider like drink or jellies and sauc, use to make cider like drink or jellies and sauces Borders and background plant.


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