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ISSN: 2637-4579

Open Access Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Biosciences

Mini Review(ISSN: 2637-4579)

Heart Failure: Prevalence, Symptoms, Treatments

Volume 1 - Issue 1

Fatemeh Fatemifar*

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    • Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA

    *Corresponding author: Fatemeh Fatemifar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas at San Antonio, USA

Received: January 30, 2018;   Published: February 08, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/OAJBEB.2018.01.000105

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Heart failure (HF) is a growing epidemic that affects about six million people in the United States and more than 23 million worldwide [1,2].The prevalence of HF is greatest among people aged 65 years or older and has been increasing with the growth of this demographic population [3-6]. Around 50% and 90% of patients with HF die within 5 and 10 years of diagnosis, respectively [1]. Total medical costs attributable to diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of HF in the developed countries are approximately 1% - 2% of the total health care expenditure [7-9]. In the United States, total costs for HF care are more than $39 billion annually [2].

Mini Review| Heart Failure Prevalence and Cost| Heart Failure Symptoms and Etiology| Heart Failure Types| Heart Failure Treatments| References|


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