Background: Obesity is considered a major health problem in both developed and developing countries. Excess weight is one of
the leading causes of morbidity and mortality, and it is increasing substantially worldwide. Once considered a high-income country
problem, obesity and overweight are now on the rise in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of the present study was to
know the prevalence of overall obesity (BMI≥25.0) and central obesity among rural adults. The present study investigated the effect
of different age groups (years) on the anthropometric and derived variables and also determined the age trend on obesity among
rural adults of Daspur I block, Paschim Medinipur.
Materials and Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted among 805 rural adults (Males=396;
Females=409) of Daspur I block, Paschim Medinipur district, West Bengal, from August to December 2019.
Results: In the present study, the total prevalence of overall obesity was 22.4% (19.7% in males and 24.9% in females). The
prevalence of central obesity was 45.3% (based on waist circumference), 73.8% (based on waist hip ratio), 65.1% (based on waist
height ratio) and 72.3% (based on conicity index) among both sexes. The prevalence of both overall obesity and central obesity
was much higher in case of female participants. Obesity (both) was more among females in the age group 31-49 (years) but among
males it was ≥50 (years).
Conclusion: Our study revealed a high prevalence of central obesity among rural adults. In overall, the risk of obesity was greater
in females. There was a significant association between age and being obese.
Keywords: Obesity; Central Obesity; Rural Adults; Age Group; Waist Circumference; Waist Hip Ratio; Waist Height Ratio; Conicity