Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are the most common symbiotic association with most of the plants. AM fungi provide
a range of important ecological services; in particular by enhance nutrition, stress resistance, tolerance, soil structure, pollution
control and fertility. AM fungi interact with cereals, pulses, vegetables, and fruit trees; therefore, they receive increasing attention
for their potential use in sustainable agriculture. Research of the past decade has revealed the existence of a dedicated recognition
and signaling pathway that is required for AMF. Furthermore, recent evidence provided new insight into the exchange of nutritional
benefits between the symbiotic partners. The great potential for application of AMF has given rise to a blossoming agricultural
industry for agriculture, horticulture, landscaping, wasteland reclamations and pollution control for sustainable global development.