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ISSN: 2637-4676

Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4676)

Mycorrhizae’s Role in Plant Nutrition and Protection from Pathogens

Volume 8 - Issue 1

Mohammad Imad khrieba*

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    • Plant Pathology and Biological Control, National Commission of Biotechnology (NCBT), Syria

    *Corresponding author:Mohammad Imad khrieba, Plant Pathology and Biological Control, National Commission of Biotechnology (NCBT), Syria

Received:October 22, 2019;   Published: December 02, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/CIACR.2019.08.000277

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Abstract

Mycorrhizae establish symbiotic relationships with plants and play an essential role in plant growth, disease protection, and overall soil quality. There are two main categories of Mycorrhizae relationships: Endomycorrhizal fungi (Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi) (AMF) form relationships with over 90% of plants (including turf grasses). Ectomycorrhizae fungi form relationships with only about 2% of plants, but some of them are quite common. In this scientific review, we will only talk about Endomycorrhizal. Mycorrhizae described in current scientific literature, the Endomycorrhizal the most abundant and widespread. The molecular basis of nutrient exchange between Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and host plants is presented. The role of AM fungi in disease protection, Root colonisation by Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) can improve plant resistance/tolerance to biotic stresses. Although this bio protection has been amply described in different plant systems, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. Besides mechanisms such as improved plant nutrition and competition, experimental evidence supports the involvement of plant defense mechanisms in the observed protection. During mycorrhiza establishment, modulation of plant defenses responses occurs upon recognition of the AMF in order to achieve a functional symbiosis. As a consequence of this modulation, a mild, but effective activation of the plant immune responses may occur, not only locally but also systemically. This activation leads to a primed state of the plant that allows a more efficient activation of defense mechanisms in response to attack by potential enemies.

Keywords: Endomycorrhizal; arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF); Symbiosis; disease protection

Abstract| Introduction| Importance| Molecular Mechanisms of Mycorrhizal Symbiosis| Plant Growth Hormones| Mycorrhiza in Disease Resistance| Interaction with Other Soil Microbes a Cycle of Benefit| >| References|

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