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ISSN: 2637-4676

Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-4676)

Climate change Mitigation and Adaptation through Biotechnology Approaches: A review

Volume 3- Issue 1

Wakjira Tesfahun*

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    • Department of Plant science, Raya University, Ethiopia

    *Corresponding author: Wakjira Tesfahun, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Raya University, Ethiopia

Received: May 25, 2018;   Published: June 11, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/CIACR.2018.03.000154

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Abstract

Climate change associated factors including temperature increases, changes in rain fall pattern and occurrence of pest and diseases negatively influence agricultural production, productivity and quality. Climate change effects particularly in region suffer persistent soil and water resource scarcity significantly increases production risk. The effects of climate change on agriculture may depend not only on changing climate condition, but also on the ability to adapt through changes in technology and demand for food. Biotechnology positively reduced the effects of climate change by using modern biotechnology. Modern biotechnology through the use of genetically modified stress tolerant and high yielding transgenic crops also stand to significantly counteract the negative effects of climate change. Convectional biotechnology such as bio fertilizer and energy efficient farming are among reasonable options that could solve problems of climate change. Also this paper deals with the modern technology like omics, system biology and other technology has discussed to combat abiotic stress of plant. Finally, the paper highlighted the current challenges and future perspective of biotechnology for climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Keywords: Biotechnology; Climate change; Omics; System biology; Mcyo biotechnology

Abstract| Introduction| Role of Biotechnology for Climate Change Mitigation| Biotechnology for Crop Adaptation to environmental Stress| Challenges and Futures Line of Work| Conclusion| References|

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