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ISSN: 2637-4676

Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4676)

Causative Factors Affecting Livelihood Status of Cassava Producers in Kwara State of Nigeria

Volume 6 - Issue 2

Sadiq MS1*, Singh IP2, Ahmad MM3, Lawal M4 and Kabeer YM1

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    • 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, FUD, Nigeria
    • 2Department of Agricultural Economics, SKRAU, India
    • 3Department of Agricultural Economics, BUK, Kano, Nigeria
    • 4Department of Agricultural Education, Federal College of Education, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Sadiq Mohammed Sanusi, Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, FUD, Nigeria

Received: January 22, 2019;   Published:January 30, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/CIACR.2019.06.000231

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Empirical analysis of poverty determinants is crucial in evolving strategies in ensuring no poverty and zero hunger among the smallholder cassava farmers who championed cassava food security in Nigeria. Thus, the present research determined the poverty status and the causative factors that affect livelihood status of cassava farmers in Kwara State of Nigeria using field survey information of 2018 production season (wet season) elicited via structured questionnaire complemented with interview schedule from 123 active cassava producers sampled through multi-stage sampling design. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results showed a young farming population with the interest and zeal to invest in cassava production if given adequate support. However, almost half of the sampled population finds it difficult to keep the body and soul together as per capita daily income of N367.82 ($1.19) per household head to carter for farm family needs is below the threshold of $1.90 recommended by World Bank for per person per day. However, the major factors affecting the livelihood status of the cassava farmers were decline in labour productivity owing to old age, too many mouths of non-productivity dependents to contend with at household level, fatigue due to long farm distance which affects labour efficiency and medic expenditure due to ill-health of the farm family member which drain their capital investment. Therefore, the study recommends provision of social interventions which is crucial for risk management and building a resilient livelihood. In addition, there is a need for improvement on the social amenities and the gesture of health insurance scheme should be extended to the farmers so as to boost their moral towards striving to ensure cassava food security in the studied area and the country in general.

Keywords: Poverty status; Causal factors; Cassava farmers; Kwara State; Nigeria

Abstract| Introduction| Research Methodology| Results and Discussion| Conclusion and Recommendations| References|