This pictorial essay is an educational article aiming to provide both textual and visual portrayals consisting of a collection of
images and texts on an important issue by reviewing and extrinsic encasing pathology of the ureter to provide a guide to those who
are involved in diagnostic intervention. While considering diseases of the urinary system, physicians mainly focus on the kidneys
and the bladder. Only scant attention is paid to the ureters. Most of the UTO due to calculi are readily identifiable whereas many
cases of ureteric exterior encasement are frequently missed from early detection even by experienced clinicians and radiologists.
Failure in recognition of the encasement of ureters and its causes may lead to mistaken diagnosis with resultant inappropriate
management. However, problems with the ureters can adversely affect the functioning of the kidneys and could even be lethal. In
this article we focus only ‘encasement of ureters’ with a few common examples and salient signs that help in the diagnosis.
Keywords: Encasement of Ureters; Endometriosis; MRI; RPF; Obstructive Uropathy