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ISSN: 2643-6760

Surgery & Case Studies: Open Access Journal

Research Article(ISSN: 2643-6760)

Phantom Breast Syndrome: Experience from a University Hospital in a Developing Country

Volume 2 - Issue 2

Fatimah Al Qatari, Noor Al Herz and Maha Abdel Hadi*

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Department of surgery, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam -Saudi Arabia

    *Corresponding author: Maha Abdel Hadi, Breast Division, Department of Surgery, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University. Saudi Arabia

Received: February 14, 2019;   Published: February 22,2019

DOI: 10.32474/SCSOAJ.2019.02.000134

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Abstract

Aim: The aim of this study to assess the presence and the significance of phantom breast syndrome (PBS) in a conservative community with the cultural stigma of emotion disclosure related to mastectomy.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at the breast oncology clinics between Jan 2017-December 2018. Direct interview using a prepared pilot tested structured questionnaire directed towards patients who underwent mastectomy between the periods of January 2011-December 2017. Pain and body image distortion were the focus of the study. Demographic data, marital status, education and socioeconomic status were included. The target population intended was 100 patients.

Results: 347 patients were diagnosed with breast cancer, mastectomy was performed on 143 (41.2%). The capture rate for interview was 82 (82%) of the targeted interviewees. Age ranged between 23-83years with the median age of 49 years. The majority of women who experienced phantom breast syndrome 30 (36.5 %) were within the reproductive age group. Progression of pain after the first year of mastectomy was noticeable ranging from phantom pain to severe pain requiring aid with standard analgesics with successful relief in 57 (69.5%) of the patients. Body image distortion concerns and phantom pain symptoms were more pronounced in married 29 (35%), highly educated 32 (39%) and high socioeconomic class 13 (16%) compared to the rest of the group. It was also noticed that pain symptoms and severity decrease with age.

Conclusion: PBS remains a significant entity that should be identified, investigated and treated in order to contribute to high quality of life in these subsets of women with breast cancer. Special tailoring to own cultures may aid in rehabilitation of the affected women.

Abstract| Introduction| Material and Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| References|

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