email   Email Us: phone   Call Us: +1 (914) 407-6109   57 West 57th Street, 3rd floor, New York - NY 10019, USA

Lupine Publishers Group

Lupine Publishers

  Submit Manuscript

ISSN: 2641-1644

Open Access Journal of Reproductive System and Sexual Disorders

Research ArticleOpen Access

Evaluation of Estrogenic Activity of Biofield Energy Treatment for the Potential of Menstrual Disorders Using Ishikawa Cell Line Volume 2 - Issue 3

Dahryn Trivedi1 and Snehasis Jana*2

  • 1 Trivedi Global, Inc., Henderson, USA
  • 2 Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt Ltd, Maharashtra, India

Received: March 08, 2019;   Published: March 20, 2019

Corresponding author: Snehasis Jana, Trivedi Science Research Laboratory Pvt. Ltd., Thane-west 400604, Maharashtra, India

DOI: 10.32474/OAJRSD.2019.02.000139

Abstract PDF


Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) plays a vital role in the endometrium development, maturation, endocrine function, and osteoblastic differentiation. The present investigation explained the role of Consciousness Energy Healing based test item (DMEM medium) on ALP in Ishikawa cells. After the division of the test item into two parts; first, part received Biofield Treatment by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer, Dahryn Trivedi and was labeled as the Biofield Treated DMEM, while the second part did not receive any treatment, and denoted as the untreated DMEM. MTT data showed 142.56% viable cells in the Biofield Treated test item, which indicated that the test item was found as safe and non-toxic. Besides, the estrogenic potential concerning ALP level was significantly (p≤0.001) increased by 65.18% in the Biofield Treated DMEM group than untreated DMEM. Thus, the experimental data suggested that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM would play a significant role for the growth of Ishikawa cells along with an improved ALP level, which play a vital role in the promotion and maintenance of estrogen level and can be used against various estrogenic disorders viz. endometritis, hypophosphatasia, osteoporosis, infertility, severe anemia, malnutrition, fetal defects, early pregnancy loss, and preterm birth.

Keywords:Estrogenic Potential; Menstrual Disorder; DMEM; Biofield Energy; ALP; Ishikawa Cell

Abbreviations:CAM: Complementary and Alternative Medicine; ER: Estrogen Receptor; NCCAM: National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine; ALP: Alkaline phosphatase; DMEM: Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium; FBS: Fetal Bovine Serum


Alkaline phosphatases (ALPs, zinc-containing metalloenzymes plasma membrane-bound glycoproteins) mainly found in liver and bone, which are termed as isoenzyme ALP-1 and ALP-2, respectively. However, a small amount of ALP is also present in the cell lining of the intestines, known as isoenzyme ALP-3, in the placenta, and the kidney (in the proximal convoluted tubules). ALP works best in alkaline pH (a pH of 10), hence inactive in the blood. Its role in the endometrium, estrogenic potential, and menstrual disorders are widely reported [1-3]. From literature, several reports suggested that high-level of ALP can influence in the endometrium, which was responsible for conception [4]. Endometrium ALP level varies during the menstrual cycle and ALP play a vital role during implantation and conception. Low level of ALP is unsuitable for implantation and might cause various menstrual disorders. Thus, the ALP enzyme is responsible for conception and contraception. Further, it was reported that the use of hormonal contraceptive drugs abolishes the role of ALP in the endometrium. Thus, ALP has a significant role in cellular growth, maintaining the endocrine function, osteoblastic differentiation, and play a significant role against many disorders such as human breast cancer [5]. ALP and estrogenic potential can be significantly affected with the natural or synthetic chemicals, which leads to loss of endocrine functions via estrogen receptor (ER) [6]. Human endometrial cell lines (Ishikawa cells) are the best-characterized cell lines that are easy to cultivate for estrogenic potential. They express the change in ALP level with respect to estrogen through most relevant steroid receptors i.e., ERα and progesterone receptor (PR). Ishikawa cell line is derived from human endometrium that plays a significant role in female reproductive functions and is also a fertility-determining factor [7,8]. Hence, the Ishikawa cell line was selected as a test system for this study for the assessment of estrogenic potential using the Ishikawa cell line for ALP biomarker.

Currently, Biofield Energy Healing Science is one of the best Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) approach and considered as an emerging field, which provides a scientific groundwork for understanding the complex homodynamic regulation of living systems. Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment has a considerable impact on both living and nonliving substances, which have reported with a significant benefit in various scientific fields. According to the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM), mentioned that Biofield Therapies is under the umbrella of Energy Therapies [9,10]. Various CAM therapies have great potential viz. Reiki, external qigong, Qi Gong, Johrei, therapeutic touch, Tai Chi, yoga, polarity therapy, deep breathing, panic healing, chiropractic/ osteopathic manipulation, guided imagery, massage, meditation, acupressure, progressive relaxation, homeopathy, hypnotherapy, acupuncture, relaxation techniques, special diets, healing touch, Rolfing structural integration, movement therapy, mindfulness, pilates, Ayurvedic medicine, traditional Chinese herbs and medicines in biological systems both in vitro and in vivo [11]. The Trivedi Effect® contains putative bioenergy, which is channeled by a renowned practitioner from a distance. Biofield Energy Healing as a CAM showed significant results in biological studies [10]. Biofield Energy Healing Treatment has been reported with considerable revolution in the physicochemical properties of metals, chemicals, ceramics and polymers [12-14], improved agricultural crop yield, productivity, and quality [15,16], transformed antimicrobial characteristics [17-19], biotechnology [20, 21], improved bioavailability [22-24], improved skin health [25,26], nutraceuticals [27,28], cancer research [29,30], bone health [31-33], human health and wellness. From Biofield Energy Treatment outcome, authors in this study evaluate the impact of the Biofield Energy Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on DMEM as a test sample for estrogenic potential with respect to ALP using the standard in vitro assay in Ishikawa cells.

Material and Methods


Penicillin and streptomycin were purchased from HiMedia, India. Naringenin, Direct Red 80, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2Htetrazolium) (MTT) were purchased from Sigma, India. Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle’s Medium (DMEM) and fetal bovine serum (FBS) were purchased from Life Technology, USA.

Maintenance of Ishikawa Cell Culture

Ishikawa cell line (human endometrial adenocarcinoma) derived from human endometrial tissue was used as a test system. Growth conditions were maintained at 37°C, 5%CO2, and 95% humidity and sub cultured by trypsinization followed by splitting the cell suspension into fresh flasks and supplementing with fresh cell growth medium. Before the start of the experiment, the growth medium of near-confluent cells was replaced with fresh phenolfree DMEM, supplemented with 10% charcoal-dextran stripped FBS (CD-FBS) and 1% penicillin-streptomycin for 3 days [34].

Biofield Energy Treatment Strategies

DMEM as the test item was divided into two parts, one part was treated with the Biofield Energy by a renowned Biofield Energy Healer (The Trivedi Effect®) and coded as the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group, and the other part did not receive any sort of treatment and denoted as the untreated DMEM group. This Biofield Energy Healing Treatment was provided by Dahryn Trivedi remotely for ~5 minutes through the Healer’s unique Energy Transmission process to the test sample under laboratory conditions. Biofield Energy Healer was in the USA, while the test items were in the research laboratory of Dabur Research Foundation, New Delhi, India. Biofield Energy healer in this study never visited the laboratory in person, nor had any contact with the test item (DMEM medium). Further, the control group was treated with “sham” healer for comparative purposes. The “sham” healer did not have any knowledge about the Biofield Energy Treatment. After that, the Biofield Energy Treated and untreated samples were kept in similar sealed conditions for experimental study.

Identification of Non-cytotoxic Concentration

The cell viability was performed by MTT assay in human endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line (Ishikawa). The details MTT assay was performed as per Singh et al. with slight modification [35,36]. The percentage cytotoxicity at each tested concentrations of the test substance was calculated using the following equation (1):

% Cytotoxicity = (1-X/R) *100 ----------------------- (1)

Where, X = Absorbance of treated cells; R = Absorbance of untreated cells

The percentage cell viability corresponding to each treatment was obtained using the following equation (2):

% Cell Viability = 100 - % Cytotoxicity ----------------------- (2)

The concentrations exhibiting ≥70% cell viability was considered as non-cytotoxic.

Study of Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) Activity

The cells were counted and plated in 96-well plates at the density corresponding to 5 X 103 cells/well/180μL phenol-free DMEM+ 10% CD-FBS. The details assay protocol was followed as per Lauree et al. with slight modification [37]. The percentage increase in ALP enzyme activity with respect to the untreated DMEM group was calculated using equation (3):

% Increase = [(X-R)/R)] *100 ----------------------- (3)

Where, X = Absorbance of cells corresponding to positive control and test group

R = Absorbance of cells corresponding to the untreated group

Statistical Analysis

Data were represented as the Mean ± SEM (standard error of the mean) of three independent experiments. Sigma Plot statistical software (v11.0) was used for the assessment of statistical analysis. Student’s t-test was used for two groups comparison and for multiple groups, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used followed by Dunnett’s test as post-hoc analysis. Statistically, significant value was set at the level of p≤0.05.

Results and Discussion

MTT Assay

MTT assay for cell viability using Ishikawa cells was performed among Biofield Energy Treated and untreated samples along with positive control. The results in terms of percentage cell viability are represented in Figure 1. The MTT data showed that the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group was found 142.56% viable cells, while it was observed as 75% to 96% in the naringenin (positive control) group. Therefore, data suggested that the test item (untreated and Biofield Treated DMEM) was found to be safe in Ishikawa cells. Thus, the test item was used to study the estrogenic potential in terms of ALP activity.

Figure 1: Evaluation of non-cytotoxic concentration in terms of percent cell viability of the test items and the positive control in Ishikawa cells.


Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) Enzyme Activity

Figure 2: Effect of the test items on the level of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) enzyme activity in Ishikawa cells. Values presented as mean ± SEM of three independent experiments. ***p≤0.001 vs. untreated DMEM group.


ALP level in the endometrium plays a significant role for contraception, while a reduction in the level of ALP during proliferative phase results in infertility and associated with menstrual disorders. The level of ALP can be decreased due to late pregnancy since placenta produces ALP, which might results in a serious complications such as amyloidosis, granulation tissue, gastrointestinal inflammation such as inflammatory bowel disease, systemic infections, hypophosphatasia, postmenopausal women receiving estrogen therapy that is due to the cretinism, osteoporosis, malnutrition, severe anemia, magnesium deficiency, hypothyroidism, heart surgery, chronic myelogenous leukemia, aplastic anemia, children with achondroplasia and pernicious anemia [38]. The level of ALP is also lowered due to various chemicals and contraceptives [39]. Thus, ALP activity indicates an index of osteoblastic differentiation and the number of cells that express the enzyme [40]. Thus, in order to study the effect of Biofield Energy Treatment on DMEM, ALP level was significantly improved in the Ishikawa cell line. The results in terms of percentage change of ALP in various groups are presented in Figure 2. The positive control, naringenin showed a significantly increase value of ALP by 43.75% and 200.89% (p≤0.001) at 500 and 1000nm., respectively with respect to the untreated DMEM group. The Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group showed a significant (p≤0.001) increase the ALP level by 65.18% compared with the untreated DMEM group. Thus, overall experimental results concluded that the Biofield Energy Healing Treatment significantly improved ALP level, which might be due to change in the level of transcription of target genes that leads to a better estrogenic potential and osteoblastic differentiation.


Cell viability data using MTT assay showed significantly improved cell viability after Biofield Energy Healing Treatment with 142.56% in the Biofield Energy Treated group, while up to 96% in the positive control group that showed the safety profile of the test samples. ALP was significantly increased by 65.18% in the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM group compared with the untreated DMEM group. Thus, Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment (The Trivedi Effect®) on DMEM was found to have a significant impact on the ALP level, which results in a better estrogenic potential and osteoblastic differentiation. Therefore, to the untreated DMEM, the Biofield Energy Treated DMEM would be highly significant in the growth and viability of Ishikawa cells. Thus, the Consciousness Energy Healing based DMEM might be a suitable alternative media for cell growth. The potential of Biofield Energy Treatment could be further extendable for the management of menstrual disorders viz. premenstrual syndrome, dysmenorrhea with painful cramps, oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, and menorrhagia. Thus, Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment would be useful to regulate the estrogen balance, which can be useful against aging, stress, and immune-related disorders.


  1. DeMerre LJ, Litofsky FS (1968) Alkaline-phosphatase activity during menstruation. Fertil Steril 19(4): 593-597.
  2. Sharma U, Pal D, Prasad R (2014) Alkaline phosphatase: An overview. Indian J Clin Biochem 29(3): 269-278.
  3. McComb RB, Bowers GN, Posen S (1979) Alkaline phosphatase. New York: Plenum Publishing Corp.
  4. Das PC (1983) Role of alkaline phosphatase in contraception-a review. Acta Physiol Pharmacol Bulg 9(2): 74-78.
  5. Tsai LC, Hung MW, Chen YH, Su WC, Chang GG, et al. (2000) Expression and regulation of alkaline phosphatases in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Eur J Biochem 267(5): 1330-1339.
  6. Colborn T (1995) Environmental estrogens: Health implications for humans and wildlife. Environ Health Perspect 103(7): 135-136.
  7. Wober J, Weisswange I, Vollmer G (2002) Stimulation of alkaline phosphatase activity in Ishikawa cells induced by various phytoestrogens and synthetic estrogens. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 83(1-5): 227-233.
  8. Canto C, Pich S, Paz JC, Sanches R, Martínez V, et al. (2007) Neuregulins increase mitochondrial oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity in skeletal muscle cells. Diabetes 56(9): 2185-2193.
  9. Frass M, Strassl RP, Friehs H, Müllner M, Kundi M, et al. (2012) Use and acceptance of complementary and alternative medicine among the general population and medical personnel: A systematic review. Ochsner J 12(1): 45-56.
  10. Barnes PM, Bloom B, Nahin RL (2008) Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults and children: United States, 2007. Natl Health Stat Report 12: 1-23.
  11. Rubik B (2002) The biofield hypothesis: Its biophysical basis and role in medicine. J Altern Complement Med 8(6): 703-717.
  12. Trivedi MK, Tallapragada RM (2008) A transcendental to changing metal powder characteristics. Met Powder Rep 63(9): 22-28, 31.
  13. Dabhade VV, Tallapragada RR, Trivedi MK (2009) Effect of external energy on atomic, crystalline and powder characteristics of antimony and bismuth powders. Bull Mat Sci 32(5): 471-479.
  14. Trivedi MK, Patil S, Tallapragada RM (2012) Thought Intervention through biofield changing metal powder characteristics experiments on powder characterisation at a PM Plant, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, (Eds.), Wei Deng, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering-Future Control and Automation 173: 247-252.
  15. Shinde V, Sances F, Patil S, Spence A (2012) Impact of biofield treatment on growth and yield of lettuce and tomato. Aust J Basic & Appl Sci 6(10): 100-105.
  16. Lenssen AW (2013) Biofield and fungicide seed treatment influences on soybean productivity, seed quality and weed community. Agricultural Journal 8(3): 138-143.
  17. Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) In vitro evaluation of biofield treatment on Enterobacter cloacae: Impact on antimicrobial susceptibility and biotype. J Bacteriol Parasitol 6(5): 241.
  18. Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Evaluation of biofield modality on viral load of Hepatitis B and C viruses. J Antivir Antiretrovir 7(3): 83-88.
  19. Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) An impact of biofield treatment: Antimycobacterial susceptibility potential using BACTEC 460/MGIT-TB System. Mycobact Dis 5: 189.
  20. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Antimicrobial sensitivity, biochemical characteristics and biotyping of Staphylococcus saprophyticus: An impact of biofield energy treatment. J Women’s Health Care 4: 271.
  21. Nayak G, Altekar N (2015) Effect of biofield treatment on plant growth and adaptation. J Environ Health Sci 1: 1-9.
  22. Branton A, Jana S (2017) The influence of energy of consciousness healing treatment on low bioavailable resveratrol in male Sprague Dawley rats. International Journal of Clinical and Developmental Anatomy 3(3): 9-15.
  23. Branton A, Jana S (2017) The use of novel and unique biofield energy healing treatment for the improvement of poorly bioavailable compound, berberine in male Sprague Dawley rats. American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 5(4): 138-144.
  24. Branton A, Jana S (2017) Effect of The biofield energy healing treatment on the pharmacokinetics of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] in rats after a single oral dose of vitamin D3. American Journal of Pharmacology and Phytotherapy 2(1): 11-18.
  25. Kinney JP, Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2017) Overall skin health potential of the biofield energy healing based herbomineral formulation using various skin parameters. American Journal of Life Sciences 5(2): 65-74.
  26. Singh J, Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2017) Consciousness energy healing treatment based herbomineral formulation: A safe and effective approach for skin health. American Journal of Pharmacology and Phytotherapy 2(1): 1-10.
  27. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Plikerd WD, et al. (2017) A Systematic study of the biofield energy healing treatment on physicochemical, thermal, structural, and behavioral properties of magnesium gluconate. International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry 2(3): 135-145.
  28. Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Plikerd WD, et al. (2017) Chromatographic and spectroscopic characterization of the consciousness energy healing treated Withania Somnifera (ashwagandha) root extract. European Journal of Biophysics 5(2): 38- 47.
  29. Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) The potential impact of biofield treatment on human brain tumor cells: A time-lapse video microscopy. J Integr Oncol 4: 141.
  30. Trivedi MK, Patil S, Shettigar H, Gangwar M, Jana S (2015) In vitro evaluation of biofield treatment on cancer biomarkers involved in endometrial and prostate cancer cell lines. J Cancer Sci Ther 7: 253-257.
  31. Anagnos D, Trivedi K, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2018) Influence of biofield treated vitamin D3 on proliferation, differentiation, and maturation of bone-related parameters in MG-63 cell-line. International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science 4(1): 6-14.
  32. Lee AC, Trivedi K, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2018) The potential benefits of biofield energy treated vitamin d3 on bone mineralization in human bone osteosarcoma cells (MG-63). International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 7(5): 30-38.
  33. Stutheit ME, Trivedi K, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2018) Biofield energy treated vitamin D3: Therapeutic implication on bone health using osteoblasts cells. American Journal of Life Sciences 6(1): 13-21.
  34. Czekanska EM, Stoddart MJ, Richards RG, Hayes JS (2012) In search of an osteoblast cell model for in vitro research. Eur Cells Mater 24: 1-17.
  35. Singh J, Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, et al. (2018) Evaluation of bone mineral density and biochemical parameters of bone metabolism after treatment with biofield energy treated vitamin D3 in MG-63 cells. J Nutri Health 4(1): 6.
  36. (2009) Biological evaluation of medical devices - Part 5: Tests for in vitro cytotoxicity (ISO 10993-5:2009), I.S.EN ISO, 10993-5:20093.
  37. Lauree ADR, Mahendra KT, Alice B, Dahryn T, Gopal N, et al. (2018) A comparative analysis of vitamin D3 and biofield energy treated vitamin D3 in bone health using MG-63 cell line. Ortho Surg Ortho Care Int J 1(5).
  38. Lange PH, Millan JL, Stigbrand T, Vessella RL, Ruoslahti E, et al. (1982) Placental alkaline phosphatase as a tumor marker for seminoma. Cancer Res 42(8): 3244-3247.
  39. Epstein E, Kiechle FL, Artiss JD, Zak B (1986) The clinical use of alkaline phosphatase enzymes. Clin Lab Med 6(3): 491-505.
  40. Wuthier RE, Register T (1985) Role of alkaline phosphatase, a polyfunctional enzyme, in mineralizing tissues. In: Butler WT (Eds.), Chemistry and biology of mineralized tissues. Birmingham: EBSCO Media pp. 113-124.