As we discussed in our previous talk, we will talk in general
about sleep disorders in our country. Fifty years ago, the first
national studies began to learn about the dream and its suffering, all
this thanks to clinical, neurophysiological and neuropsychological
studies to understand the stages of sleep, which helped in turn to
understand some statistics in general as is the fact that one third
of Mexicans are snorers, which is probably increasing due to the
concomitant problem of weight, and it is also known that these
snoring patients have moderate to severe apneas, just under 10%,
or the fact that that when sleeping badly increases the prevalence
of depression and anxiety in the population and at the same time its
treatment becomes increasingly difficult.
a) Will you know?
b) Friend reader about the scope of this that I explain?
c) Do you know someone who does not sleep properly or who
constantly complains about not sleeping well?
d) Do you have a child or nephew who has a deficit of attention
due to poor sleep habits?
e) An acquaintance with mental health problems such as
depression, anxiety, impulsiveness, neurosis or frantic behavior,
even leading to unfinished suicidal acts?
Well, many answers are found in sleep problems. From the
aforementioned sleep investigations, it has been possible to
carry out a classification of sleep disorders, in order to better
understand which problem corresponds to each one and adopt a
clinical attitude in which a “custom-made suit” is placed the needs
of each patient. This is best explained because people in common
mention the word insomnia to any situation that put him in a
“sleep unsatisfied” or that leads to excessive daytime sleepiness,
a basic symptom that we must understand and that is understood
as the presence of sleep abnormal during the daytime stage. But
no, this is not the case, each condition has a name, a surname and
is guided by a specific treatment and different measurements.
Because friends, not everyone is treated with Diazepam or Rivotril,
or antidepressants, or with valerian tea, or melatonin, nor with
Dalai, no sir, each person deserves a specific treatment: there are
people like snorers who deserve strict control of weight, revision
by a doctor specialized in ears, nose and throat, or even some
device of nocturnal oxygenation; there are the patients who are
watchmen, night workers, doctors who deserve another type of
control of schedules and luminous stimuli; they are also found, and
really the most common, those who have bad sleeping habits, and
only the fact of adhering to sleep hygiene measures is enough and
enough for their improvement, in order to talk. Here, therefore, I am
commenting on the international classification of sleep disorders,
updated in the year of 2005 and that we will be mentioned with a
brief breakdown of each one.