The study aims to examine the actual chronic disease treatment effect and drug treatment behaviour options in China through
an empirical analysis of associated theories. Using the data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS 2013)
collated by Peking University’s National Institute of Development, the actual chronic disease treatment effects with drug treatment
behaviour options were tested. An analysis was conducted on 13 common chronic diseases. To test the hypothesis, Chinese residents’
health condition distribution for both ‘chronic disease’ and ‘all observations’ groups were developed and descriptively analysed.
It was found that chronic diseases can have an apparent impact on one’s perception of physical health. Moreover, by segmenting
the different drug therapy behaviours for 13 common types of chronic diseases, it was found that such behaviours were quite
varied; for example, for most people with chronic kidney disease, they have opted not to treat it. On this basis, the treatment effects
with different therapeutic behaviour selections for these chronic diseases were further explored. This study has provided several
contributions. First, it was validated that chronic diseases have a significant negative effect on people’s perception of their own
health. Second, the list of dominating chronic conditions and their combinations can present a pragmatic start for the development
of necessary guidelines related to multimorbidity. Third, a number of new insights have arisen with regard to approach selections
for treatment of chronic diseases.
Keywords: Multimorbidity; Herapeutic behaviour selections; Medical insurance