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ISSN: 2641-1709

Scholarly Journal of Otolaryngology

Review Article(ISSN: 2641-1709)

Congenital Craniofacial and Cervical Cysts, Sinuses and Fistulas- A Review Article

Volume 1 - Issue 1

Heshmat S W Haroun*

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    • Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Cairo University, Egypt

    *Corresponding author: Heshmat S W Haroun, Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Cairo University, Egypt

Received: May 23, 2018;   Published: May 30, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/SJO.2018.01.000101

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Congenital cysts, sinuses and fistulas of the head and neck are anomalies that may be encountered in pediatric life. They represent abnormal development of the brachial apparatus or inclusion of the ectoderm at any site of the lines of fusion of the face. In the head, preauricular, salivary and median nasal fistulas as well as dermoid cysts and Vander Woude Syndrome examples. In the neck, median thyroglossal cyst and fistula, and lateral brachial cyst and fistula are well-known congenital anomalies. Proper diagnosis of these malformations is essential to decide the line of treatment. Standard and modified surgical procedures are adopted for excision and repair of these anomalies with the possibility of incidence of complications, recurrence and malignancy.

Keywords: Congenital; Cysts; Sinuses; Fistulas; Craniofacial; Cervical; Thyroglossal; Branchial

Abbrevations: CT: Computed Tomography; MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging; MULFs: Median Upper Lip Fistulas; TGDCs: Thyroglossal Duct Cysts; VWS: Vander Woude Syndrome

Abstract| Introduction| Congenital Craniofacial Cysts and Fistulas| Congenital Cervical Cysts and Fistulas| Median Neck Cysts and Fistulas| Lateral Neck Cysts and Fistulas| Conclusion| References|