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ISSN: 2641-1709

Scholarly Journal of Otolaryngology

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-1709)

Apnea, Hypopnea and Their Individual Effects on Daytime Sleepiness and Sleep Quality

Volume 1 - Issue 5

Berk Gurpinar*, Huseyin Sari, Belgin Tutar, Ruslan Hummatov, Onur Tanrisever, Yavuz Uyar and Ziya Saltürk

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology, Istanbul, Turkey

    *Corresponding author: Berk Gurpinar, Okmeydani Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otolaryngology, Istanbul, Turkey

Received:March 22, 2019;   Published: April 01, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/SJO.2019.01.000125

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Background: Obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSA) is defined as a reduction or cessation of the airflow in the human airway. It effects nearly 18 million Americans and weight gain is the main predisposing factor. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of apnea and hypopnea individually.

Material and Methods: 83 participants were included in the study and they are divided into two groups as apnea predominant or hypopnea predominant. Pittsburg quality of sleep index (PQSI) and Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS) are completed for all subjects and full-night attended polysomnographic evaluations are done.

Results: ANOVA test was used to compare the inter-group variances. Between the two study groups, no statistical significance was reported between the PSQI or ESS scores.

Conclusion: The effects of apnea and hypopnea are similar on sleep quality or day-time sleepiness, however further studies also investigating the duration of the events as well are needed.

Abbreviations: OSA: Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome; PSG: Polysomnography; PSQI: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; ESS: Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results| Conclusion| References|


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