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ISSN: 2638-6003

Orthopedics and Sports Medicine: Open Access Journal

Research Article(ISSN: 2638-6003)

ACL Rupture in Collegiate Athletes: Analysis of Familial Contribution to the Likelihood of Injury Volume 3 - Issue 4

Michael P Campbell1*, Seth A Cheatham1, Daniel C Miranian2, Eric R Morga2 and Robert A Perera3

  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University Health Systems, USA
  • 2Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, USA
  • 3Department of Biostatistics, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA

Received: February 03, 2020;   Published: February 14, 2020

Corresponding author: Michael P Campbell, MD Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Virginia Commonwealth University Health Systems PO BOX 980153 1200 East Broad Street Richmond, VA 23298 USA

DOI: 10.32474/OSMOAJ.2020.03.000167

 

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Abstract

Objective: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are a significant problem within collegiate sports. The question of whether a family history of ACL injury is associated with increased risk is incompletely understood, and it has never been studied at the collegiate level. By identifying those at risk, there is a potential to develop better prevention programs.

Methods: We surveyed approximately 1,500 collegiate athletes at 8 NCAA Division I, NCAA Division II, and NJCAA schools. Athletes were sent an electronic questionnaire through which they were asked about their age, sport, history of injury, and history of ACL reconstruction if applicable. Participants were asked the same information about their 1st, 2nd and 3rd degree relatives.

Results: A total of 304 athletes responded to the survey. Forty-eight (15.7%) athletes sustained an ACL injury. Fifteen athletes reported having a family member (1st, 2nd or 3rd degree relative) with a history of ACL injury. Ten athletes reported having a first degree relative with an ACL injury. No significant association with family history was identified. There was found to be a lower associated risk of ACL injury in D1 athletes (OR 0.36).

Conclusion: There was no significant association with family history that could be identified. There was a lower associated risk of ACL injury in D1 athletes.

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Statistical Methods| Surgical Technique| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| This is a clinical study| Conflict of Interest| Acknowledgment| References|

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