Congenital cataract (CC)is the most common cause of treatable
childhood blindness. It is responsible for 5-20% of the cases of
blindness worldwide. However, the incidence of visual impairment
may be higher in developing countries . The prevalence of
childhood cataract varies from 1.2 to 6.0 cases per 10,000 infants.
Pediatric cataracts are responsible for more than one million
cases of childhood blind- ness in Asia. In developing countries,
such as India, 7.4-15.3% of childhood blindness is due to cataracts
[2,3]. Therefore timely removal of a cataract with the subsequent
fast visual rehabilitation has paramount value for children.
The Congenital Cataracts take an important place in structure
of blindness and low vision and are one of the main reasons for
disability on sight since the childhood. Now the cataract of children
is one of current problems of children’s ophthalmology considering
its rather high prevalence and a significant role in structure of
blindness and low vision.