Taiwanese elderly who has increased rapidly, the purpose of this review to understand the impact of the ageing process on those
people. Expecting by the review provides the references for nursing staff to have a knowledge and attention for those people and
resulted to improve the well-being life for elderly
Ageing brings with it a number of influences on health and can
result in increased frailty and diagnoses of chronic disease that can
influence mental health and development of disabilities [1-4].
The majority of people older than 65 years of age are estimated
to have at least one chronic physical or psychological illness. The
major diseases of older people include diabetes, arthritis, cancer,
cardiovascular disease, musculoskeletal problems, incontinence,
osteoarthritis, sleep disturbances, chronic pain and falls [1,2,4-
8]. These physical problems can result in the older population
in Taiwan experiencing lower life satisfaction, poor health, and
problems with mobility [1,7]. Furthermore, ageing can result
in psychological problems, such as mental health deterioration,
dependency as a result of illness, dementia, sensory impairments
and depression [2,6]. This clearly indicates that older people suffer
from a wide range of illnesses and health-related problems and
may also have to deal with reduced ability to maintain their daily
The impact of ageing on health becomes more complex when
there is disability or frailty . These health problems of the older
population in Taiwan and various social-economic changes have
resulted in long term care (LTC) facilities becoming a care option
for older people . This is particularly the case when older people
become dependent on assistive devices or others for care and help
with their daily lives, performing activities of daily living (ADL)
such as bathing, dressing, eating, transferring from a bed to a chair,
and toileting .
Nevertheless, although most “aged society” countries are faced
with the task of establishing LTC systems, there is still a lack of
understanding of how such care systems affect the quality of life
(QOL) for older people , particularly those who are limited to
using a wheelchair for their mobility and daily activities [11,12].
Therefore, applying well-being life on the Taiwanese elderly should
be paid a comprehensive attention.
This contributes to a relatively knowledge and offers an
attention of emphasizing the well-being life of Taiwanese elderly.
The daily activities related program as a psychological health
maintenance activity and/or social activity for Taiwanese elderly
should be supported. This will be a valuable option for improving
the well-being life of elderly.